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21 S.W. 659

COLYAR et al.
SAX et al.
DUNCAN et al.

Supreme Court of Tennessee.

February 7, 1893.

Appeal from chancery court, Grundy county; McConnell, Chancellor.

Bill in equity by E. F. Colyar and others against Max Sax, trustee, and others, and a bill by W. M. Duncan and others against the same defendants. The two causes were consolidated, and heard on pleadings and proofs. From the decree entered all parties appeal. Reversed.

J. H. Holman, for E. F. Colyar and others. Vertrees & Vertrees, for Duncan and others. Brown & Spears, for Spears. N. Cohn, for Sax and others. Steger, Washington & Jackson, for W. D. Spears. John A. Pitts and W. C. Shelton, for A. S. Colyar. J. B. Fergusson, guardian ad litem. J. C. Bradford, for Fall and others.


The first-named bill was filed to cancel certain deeds made by E. F. Colyar to Max Sax, trustee, and to set up a resulting trust in the lands conveyed in E. F. Colyar. The second bill was filed to sell the same lands for partition, to fix the rights of parties therein, and divide the proceeds. The chancellor, Hon. T. M. McConnell, fixed the rights of the parties, by decree, and ordered a sale of the lands. There was no dissatisfaction with, or appeal from, the decree for sale, but none of the several parties interested were satisfied with the decree fixing their rights inter sese, and all have appealed and assigned errors, which raise simply the question as to the proper distribution of the proceeds of the lands, when they shall be sold. The facts, so far as necessary to be stated, are found to be as follows: About 1882, E. F. Colyar, who resided at Tracy City, Grundy county, conceived the idea of buying up a large number of tracts of mineral lands, with a view of consolidating them into one body, and enlisting capitalists in their development. Soon after he began operations, he associated with him E. O. Nathurst and W. D. and

Page 660

N. B. Spears; the first named being very familiar with the mineral wealth of the region, and the two latter being attorneys familiar with the titles of the lands in that section. A. S. Colyar soon became interested, and furnished some money to be used in the purchase of the lands, $1,500 of which he obtained from Richardson, Fall, and Longhmiller, upon an agreement with said A. S. Colyar that, to the extent of the money furnished, they were to have an interest in the lands. Still the parties could not command the necessary funds to carry out their designs, and on 21st day of June, 1884, Benton and John McMillan accepted a written proposal from E. F. Colyar and E. O. Nathurst to go into the enterprise upon terms that they were to furnish not exceeding $20,000 to pay for the...
Elbert Franklin Sevier Colyar
152 [Colyer.FTW]


Wrote A Boy's Opinion of General Lee.


Wrote A Boy's Opinion of General Lee.

How the president of Washington College appeared to a shy young freshman from
Tennessee is told by John B. Colyar.
Appears on page 477 of The Robert E. Lee Reader by Stanley F. Horn
Impressions as a student at Washington College Lexington
" The morning after we reached Lexington we repaired to the office of General Lee for the purpose of matriculation and receiving instructions as to the duties devolving upon us as students. I entered the office with reerential awe, expecting to see the great warrior whose fame then encircled the civilized globe as I had pictured him in my own imagination. General Lee was alone, looking over a paper. He arose when we entered and received with a quiet, gentlemenly dignity that was so natural and easy and kind that the feeling of awe left me at the threshold of his door. General Lee had but one manner in his intercourse with men. It was the same as to the peasant as to the prince, and the student was received with the easy courtliness that would have bestowed on the greatest imperial dignitary of Europe.

When we had registered, my brother asked the General for a copy of his rules. General Lee said, "young gentleman, we have no printed rules. We have but one rule here and it is that every student must be a gentleman." I did not until after years fully realize the comprehensiveness of his remark and how completely it covered every essential rule that should govern the conduct and intercourse of men." ........... 
John B. Colyar
153 http://www2.volstate.edu/cbucy/History%202030/suffrage.htm
Lulu Colyar Reese, Memphis (1860-19 )

Lulu Colyar Reese had her first introduction into the political world at the age of seventeen, when she joined other Nashville women in an appearance before the Tennessee General Assembly to secure the property of Andrew Jackson, the Hermitage, for the state. The effort was successful and the Ladies Hermitage Association was founded.

After her marriage to Isaac B. Reese, she had regular meetings and gatherings in their home to bring together society leaders, Vanderbilt professors, and other thinkers of the city for conversation and interaction. As many as 300 persons attended these gatherings which were described as a “Parisian salon.” When the Reese family moved to Paducah, Kentucky, she founded a similar group there.

In 1900, the Reese family moved to Memphis where she became active in the Federation of Women’s Clubs as president of the Nineteenth Century Club. She used her experience in the women’s clubs of Memphis to become active in the political problems of her day and worked for suffrage. She led the fight for women on the Memphis City Board of Education and was one of the first two women elected to the Board, running for the office on the Non-Partisan ticket. While on the school board, she fought for free textbooks and anti-child labor laws.

Lulu Reese was in Nashville at the Hermitage Hotel in August, 1920 when the 19th amendment was passed. She was active in the National American Woman Suffrage Association as well as the National Women’s Party.
Lula Colyar
154 [Colyer.FTW]

Two Daughters of

Franklin County Historical


It was natural that Martha Clarissa Colyar should regard Franklin County - a refuge in time of trouble. She was born here. the twelfth of thirteen children. on April 20.1834, while her parents were temporarily living in a portion of Franklin County that is now in Coffee County. Because she thought herself so excellently educated she maintained that instruction in Tennessee was the beat in the country, and she was intensely fond of Winchester and its schools all her life. Her undated diploma from the Winchester Female Academy1 signed by Jno. G. Biddle. J.W. Tyler. P.S. Decherd. and F.A. Foughmiller. was a treasured keepsake.(2)
Samuel Reed Roseboro, who prepared for the ministry at college in Lebanon. was born in Lincoln County. son of John Alexander Roseboro (3) The family was one of obvious substance, generosity, and culture It was in Winchester that Samuel saw Martha Colyar for the first time. when they passed on a sidewalk. True to his Presbyterian background. Samuel claimed he was not swayed by Martha's attractively fussy clothes, sapphire blue eyes. or faint violet perfume: it was the look on her face, "as if she had just left off prayer." Later, when they became well acquainted, he asked her to share his manse In Selma, Alabama Martha objected on the ground that a devout Method let with an appetite for the fiction of Sir Welter Scott should not be the wife of a Presbyterian minister who drew the line at poetry of Pope and Shelley. The courtship nevertheless progressed toward wedding plans after settlement of a difference of opinion about the officiating clergy-

_ 32

man's denomination.

Miss Martha (Mattie) Colyar1 whose parents were dead, married Reed Roseboro' on January 8, 1857, near Winchester, In the humble surroundings of an unpainted country home on the aide of a hill. Martha was clutching a Scott novel as the couple left for a short journey down the Mississippi River. Reed and Mattie returned to live in Pulaski, Tennesee. Dr. Houston by request had omitted the word "obey" from their marriage ceremony,(4) and It was whispered among the women that Martha, "with that Colyar 1ook111 told her beat Winchester friend, Lou Murrell, that she would never accept a letter addressed to Mm. S.
R. Roseboro'. She Insisted on her Identity as Mrs. Martha Colyar Roseboro', a radical position at the time.(5) Her husband signaled capitulation by buying his wife a eat of the Waverley novels.

In those prewar years, Martha, an emancipationist, goaded her husband on what to say in his slavery sermons. He occasionally took a walk In order to get away from the barrage only to return four hours later and have Martha pick up at her monologue's breaking-off point. Reed and the Pulaski neighbors listened while Mat talked. She actually kept a blue notebook in which she recorded what he said he thought he had said on slavery from the pulpit. Martha Was successful In radicalizing her husband on the Issue, although he had presumably heard silmilar arguments from his seminary professor. Because of Martha's suasion, her husband consented to move to Missouri, and when war came, Martha refuged to Mattoon, Illinois, while the minister enlisted
as chaplain on the Union side The Yankee enlistment resulted In his parents disowning him.(6)


When the war w- over, Martha Colyar Roseboro fled a cramped Illinois hotel room and returned to family and friends in Tennessee. Her chaplain-husband was discharged from the United States Army on July

_ 34
12, 1865, and joined his wife in 8 round of visits to relatives The trip had to be brief because Mr. Roseboro had already been appointed pastor of a Congregational church in Macon, Missouri. Mrs. Roseboro, that fail, put down roots by purchasing a small Missouri farm with money earned during the war from teaching school, sewing, and working in a hotel at Mattoon, Illinois in part because of this investment, by the spring of 1868 the young family was financially distressed. and Martha made plans to return to Tennessee to consult her brother, for If he could not help personally he would at least advise her. "Arthur", she said, "has a genius about money." Foremost in Martha's mind was the hope that Arthur would help with her daughter's education.
Martha had not received a letter from Arthur Colyar since her last visit, nor had she heard from her friends in Winchester. Whether in communication or not1 relatives have a way of sensing inopportune times for visits. Colonel Colyar was attempting to effect governmental reform in Nashville by openly striking the Alden ring1(7) and he well knew that public reaction to his entertaining a sister with abolitionist sympathies could be damaging. To get Martha out of Nashville he planned a sightseeing trip to his Sewanee Mine. From them he would urge that she visit relatives in Coffee County while he returned to Nashville
In later life Martha's daughter, Viola1 described Tennessee as it appeared that day she and five relatives rode a train toward Cowan.

Our part of Tennessee had escaped the worst of war's ravages All over the wide south the fallen walls of houses heaped around gaunt. Smokeless chimneys standing straight in desolate dignity made the land strange to the eyes. Strange one would think, to the very birds who were flying so busily in the sky: but here in middle Tennessee, many a man came back to a home little altered: the old roof still stood, and still sheltered his own people; his own fields lay about him, and it was a striking evidence of the metaphysical character of life that these accustomed and solid realities often but sharpened in men's souls the sense of ruinous revolution , and made the glowing sunlight glare the stranger in their eyes.

By contrast, the same trip between Nashville and Cowan had Impressed Martha Roseboro as leading through an exhausted and poverty-stricken part of Tennessee; as she recalled it, innumerable signs of military conflict scarred the earth.
In addition to observing the countryside, there was ample opportunity during the ride for Martha to register objection to her brothers hiring

_ 35

convict labor in the Sewanee Mines. Arthur Colyar reacted with assumed cheer, pointed out that he had started operations at Moffat, Tracy City, and beyond1 in order to help the state, and that the business would soon be on a firmer basis. Recovery was underway from the twin setbacks of war and the outlay of almost two million dollars over a six-year period for railroad construction up Sewanee Mountain to Tracy, during which the company received no monetary return whatsoever. Colyar referred to his company railroad from Cowan as "that darling line of track," and remarked that "already them are summer boarders living up on that high perch of ours."
At Cowan there was a primitive ticket office. Colyar led his party peg it with a wave to his employee, the structure's lone occupant, and followed a sooty trainman down the tracks, the rest of the party walking with difficulty over the rough. At last they entered a queer little car that nevertheless had cushioned mats. There was a tin cooler marked "liquid ice water" and a chained, nickel-plated cup "all in grimy completeness." A mountaineer in blue homespun and strew hat who had been down into the valley was mated next to an old woman in a bonnet. In whispers Colonel Colyar told his niece a story about another old mountaineer who thought them was a devil inside the company's train engine, and it was the devil that made the train climb.

Almost immediately we found ourselves ascending the mountain --our little car clinging to a long empty coal train that. in its turn. fast to the puffing. straining locomotive as far before and above us. it climbed a zigzag track up '. mountainside. The sight was a novel one and to those Of our number who repeatedly had crossed me Sierra Nevada and the Rocky Mountains. giving, as if felt a startlingly distinct Impression of climbing.

The trip into the mines never took place. Tracy City had received a telegraphic message that Colonel Colyar was needed in Nashville. He departed while his wife, Agnes,(1O) and relatives scattered to Coffee County. Martha returned to penury in Missouri. A second daughter born to her did not survive infancy. 
Martha Clarissa Colyar
155 This husband and wife are cousins. James Lashbrook’s mother was Ursula Colyar sister to Alexander Colyar Susan Colyar

The Newrivernotes.com shows an extract of the 1782 personal property tax records for Washington County in Col. Arthur Campbell's precinct and shows a William 'Coller' (which I suspect is really Collier) with 1 tithe and 5 horses  
William Colyar
Presumed older brother to William = Captain Thomas Collier who signed oath of allegience in 1777 in Henry County VA:

"Captain Thomas Collier was a son of John Collier, )r., and Sarah Collier, his cousin and wife. John,Jr..was the son of John Collier, Sr., and a Miss Gaines, his second wife. John Collier, Sr., was the son of Charles and Mary Collier, and Charles Collier was born in Eng land about 1660. and resided in King and Queen county, Virginia." 
William Colyar
Washington cty TN deeds book 18 PG 10 (per notes of Plano Tx researcher given to Janis Ragar) shows transfer by William Colyar jr 1/12/1826 of Negro boy named Issac about 11-12 years old to Joseph Hunter.

Same source refers to Deed BK 18 page 303 wherein William Colyer sells a negro girl about 12 years old named Hannah to Thomas j. Brown.
William Colyar
159 Greene County, TN Deed book 2 page 172-173. 20 May 1792 William Colyar and Ann his wife sold to William Scruggs 130 acres of land lying below Andrew Leepers on the north side of Nolichuckey River.  William Colyar
160 Some researchers have expounded on this William Colyar's full name as "William J.P. Colyar" . This researcher suspects this is misguided having been pulled from references in certain court documents in Washington County TN referring to William Colyar of 1754's son, William Colyar. William Colyar Jr. , who lived in Washington County TN was a justice of the peace there. Some documents refer to him as William Colyar JP.......I think referring to his office and this may have been misinterpreted and attributed to his father as his name.


WILLIAM COLYER from Dean Hunter Lexington Ky gedcom:

WILLIAM COLYER of Greenbriar County, Virginia was living
in Montgomery County, Virginia in the neighborhood of Roanoke,
married a woman named St.Clair and had several sons, among
them JOHN COLYER. Some of these sons of William Colyer were
killed by Indians on the frontier of Virginia and in Kentucky. From a letter from Dr. Welby Colyer (a son of St.Clair Colyer) of Garrett, Ill., 1937, who died in 1940; Delia Colyer Powers, his sister, said that Dr. Welby Colyer had two daughters. A letter from Dr. Dr. Welby Colyer was found in a library in Salisbury, N. C. said that a Mrs. Bales in Pennington Gap, Virginia, said that William Colyer married a St.Clair woman and said that it was on file in Abbington. . . Stella Colyer said that she checked and was told that the records don't go back that far. Mrs. Bales said that when CHARLES COLYER died, that a Mrs. William Colyer was one heir. She also said that St. Clair lived in St.Clair's Bottoms, near Powell Valley, Virginia. WILLIAM COLYER owned land in Washington County, Tennessee. (Washington County, Tenn., Deeds, Vol. 17, pg. 210, Oct. 18, 1821) JOHN COLYER of Pulaski County, Kentucky to Alexander Colyer of Washington County, Tenn., . ..a11 of my share in the estate of WILLIAM COLYER, deed., my father, to the three tracts of land in Washington County, Tennessee,on the south side of the Nolachucky River. -- This must have been JOHN'S brother, who stayed in Tennessee. Vol. 19, pg. 38, Washington Co., Deeds, April 9, 1827, . ..John Calvert and his wife Dorcas, (formerly Dorcas Colyer of Copper County, Missouri, convey land from the estate of her father WILLIAM COLYER, Sr. . I late of Washington
County, Tenn. JOHN, Alexander, William and Dorcas are children of William Colyer. Stella Colyer

Early tax records show a WILLIAM COLYER was living on the
Nolachucky River in 1790, owned land and was paying a pole. so
he was under 50. All free white men at that time between 21
and 50 had to pay a white poll." ____-________---__-__
List of taxables for years 1791, 1792, 1793, 1794, 1797, 1798, 1799, and 1801 list WILLIAM COLYER, on the Nolachucky
River, in Washington County, Tennessee.3 _____-_________-____--
WILLIAM COLYER was a Justice of the Peace in Washington
County, Tenn. in 1821.
. Letter from Stella Colyer to Gail Myers, April 23, 1973.
From Mrs. Wallace Tilden, Johnson City, Tenn. 3 . Mary H. McCowen, WASHINGTON CO. TENN. RECORDS, vol. 1, 1964


email from Clark Sinclair at University of Texas at Austin sinclair@tenet.edu dated 7/22/1998 refers to a deed book 2 page 506 entry wherein Agnes St. Clair sells her inherited share of St. Clair Bottom. This may be Washington Co. TN or Augusta Co. VA deed book
Washington County Historical Association
Embreeville Ironworks

In July 1820?a few months before Elihu's death?the Embree brothers bought a mine, forge, and 260 acres of land on the Nolichucky River in Washington County, near the mouth of Bumpass Cove. Bumpass Cove, which is about 10 miles from Greasy Cove, seems to have been named after one Isaac Bumpass who lived in Washington County before 1770. However, he does not seem actually to have owned the land. The name is sometimes spelled Bumpres, Bumphers, and Bumbers [23].

Mining in Bumpass Cove started in the 1770s in a mine owned by William Colyer. Lead from the mines is reported to have been used to make bullets for the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. The ore was said to be so rich that it could be smelted over an open wood fire and molded into bullets [24]. In 1791 Colyer sold the property, which then consisted of 550 acres of land, to Louis Newhouse and Andrew Leuthold for £400. This and adjacent land, totaling 3,100 acres was sold in 1800 to John Sevier, Jr.?the son of General John Sevier?for $3,000. In 1812 they sold it to William P. Chester who, in turn, sold it to the Embrees in 1820 for $4,500 [25]. However, Chester excluded from this sale 200 acres, which apparently included a lead, mine.

Re: Military record: Ms. Janis Ragar indicated that she had info that William was a private in the 6th Virginia Regiment under Capt. Samuel Hopkins. Per Richard Curtis search of 6th Virginia Regiment microfilm service records from National Archives copy in TN state library and archives, no William Collier/Colyer/Colyar appears 8/15/98.

In Revolutionary War Records of Mecklenburg County Virginia by Katherine B. Elliott published by Southern Historical Press, Inc., page 43 refers to a William Collier b 1753 Enlisted in Meck. Co. for 2 years under Capt. Samuel Hopkins. Re-inlisted for three years in Company of Horse under Col. Thomas Bland. Pen. S-39334.
White's Abstracts of Rev. War Pension Files Vol I page 713 shows a William Collier, S39334, VA Line, appl 20 Jul 1818 Mecklenburg Cty VA aged 58 & had lived there at enl.
I looked at copy of this pension extract in TN state library and archives 8/15/98 and noted that his man was crippled from war and had no family. Says he testified he was 61 6/19/1820 and after serving with Hopkins re-enlisted with company of horse in regiment of Col. Thomas Bland for 3 years. Says he is rough carpenter, without family and incapable of supporting himself from age and effects of wound received through his knee during war. Was placed on pension roll 7/20/1818 Cert # 12731 was issued 7/22/1819. There for these records do not show direct war service of William Colyar of Washington County TN

Property: Per Dessie Simmons Johnson city TN from book North Carolina land grants in TN 1778-1791 by Goldien Burgner pub. Southern Historical:
page 78 : 1788 grant of 130 acres North side of Nolichucky River Washington co. TN

page 33 grant # 882: 1789 200 acres on Bumpus creek on southside of Nolichucky. 200 acres both sides of Nolichucky river

page 34: 1790 150 acres in Bumpus cove/creek.

page 137 grant 462 to a William Collier in 1782 640 acres on south side of Red River in what is now Davidson County TN?? this one not verified as connected to William Colyer of Washington Co. TN

Per Dessie Simmons 8/8/98; many people who got these grants served in the Revolution but none of the North Carolina grants were for war service as in other states. She said that North Carolina grants were all paid for at the rate of about 50 schillinngs per 100 acres. She said that even John Sevier had to pay for his land. This is confirmed by deeds I have copies of supporting the land grants above that show that William Colyar paid for the land in these grants.

See imaged article on Arthur St. Clair Colyar of article in Tennessean newspaper in 1907, stating that his grandfather (William) fought in the battle of King's mountain. I have not found William in any of the official lisings of soldiers at that battle, however following info from the National Park Service website for OverMountain Victory National Historic Trails at http://www.nps.gov/ovvi/troops.htm states that "The Patriot commanders did not keep or report official rosters of their men engaged against Ferguson at Kings Mountain. Dr. Lyman Draper's King's Mountain and its Heroes, combined with pension applications filed by veterans and theri survivors well after the battle, are the main sources of information about the army.

Per email from Pat Ross who works for the Bassett Virginia Historical library in Henry County VA, she stated per review of records there these folks are recorded as having take the Oath of Allegiance in Henry County VA:

"Thomas Collier, William Collier, Charles Collier, Jesse Collier...no other
spellings were listed. No date was given.

The heading was "Citizens of Henry County who took the Oath of Allegiance"
and it stated "The General Assembly of Virginia, when The United States was
in its infancy, passed an Act to oblige all free male inhabitants of the
State above sixteen years of age to give assurance of allegiance to the
same. The following is a list of those who took the oath from the original
record among the files in the Clerk's Office. At the time some were away
fighting Indians, others hunting, and there were a few who refused to take
the oath." "

See the PDF documents section of this site referenced off the home page that says this Charles Colyer is of same family as A.S. Colyar descended. This is stated in Andrew Michaux?s Travels in the Tennessee Country contain reference to him in March 1796 arriving at Charles Collier?s 10 miles from Jonesborough. A footnote to this comment states that this Charles Collier was of the family from which descended Col. Arthur St. Clair Colyar. You can see the Michaux's book in PDF section.

This connects this Charles Colyer/Colyar to William Colyar of Washington Cty TN. Therefore, since Charles' pension file shows he was from Henry County VA, (see PDF section of site) it follows that the William Colyar showing up in Henry County VA signing an oath of allegience there with Charles in 1777 (see PDF section fo site) is brother to Charles. Thus it seems that the Colyer/Colyar/Coliar of Henry County VA is in fact the family of William Colyar of Washington County TN.

The only land records I could find in Henry County VA is for a John Colliar on Leatherwood Creek off Smith River in Henry county VA. I believe this to be either brother or Father to William Colyar.

A List of the Company of Militia Under the Command of Capt. Joseph Martin in PITTSYLVANIA CO.VA 1774

Joseph Martin, Captain; John Cunningham, Lieutenant, David Chadwell, Ensign, William Cox and John Turner, Sergeants, Robert Perryman, Clerk

Benja Dillion, Carter Dillion, Henry Dillion, Edmd Lyne, Michael Barker, John Barker, Mordicai Hoard, Henry Bradbury, Robert Searcy, John Witt(en)?, John Stamps, WILLIAM HOLLAND, THOS HOLLAND, James Short, James Spencer, John Walker, Henry Tate, Nathl Tate, Edmond Graves, Joseph Baker, John Palphrey, Humphry Posey, John Noe Senr, John Barker, Joel Barker, Chars Barker, Josiah Cox, Prier Noe, James Godard, William Dotson, Alex Jarves, Wm. Collyer, Jos Laurence, Chas Foster, John Turner Geo Reaves, Daniel Smith, Josiah Turner, Wm Turner, Josh Byrd, Richd Baker, Wm Mullins Senr, William Mullins Junr, John Mullins, Ambrose Mullis, Wm Standly Sr, Wm Standly Jur, Richd Standly, John Standly, Saml Packwood, Baine Carter, Pleasant Duke, Charles Dunkan, Wm Reed, John Goin, Richd Colliar, William Bays

The majority of information shown on these pages (other than individual contributors as noted), comes from the writings of Snyder E. Roberts, and his wife, Pauline Halburnt Roberts. The most frequently-quoted book is his Roots of Roane County, TN - 1792- , published in 1981. Also his first book, Roberts Families of Roane County, TN, published in 1969-now out of print. (Reprints of Roots available from Oliver Springs Historical Society)


Note above that William Collyer in Joseph Martin Militia Company Pittsylvania County VA 1774. Henry county was formed out of Pittsylvania County VA in 1775-1776. In "General Joseph Martin, of Virginia, An Unsung Hero of the Virginia Frontier" found in The Filson Club History Quarterly Vol 10 Louisville KY April 1936 No. 2 ; it says that Joseph Martin retired to his property on Leatherwood Creek ( SAME AS JOHN COLLIAR ABOVE).

Volume II of Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlment in Virginia--Augusta County Original Court Records 1745-1800 by Lyman CHalkley. Pub. by Mary S. Lockwood, 1912......states
in VOl II page 76 Judgements. Simon Eli vs. Robert and William Davis and Alexr. Wiley--O.S. 36; N.S. 12-- Bill 27th Oct 1800. In 1771 William McGhee (McGaughey) made a settlment in the Turkey Cove in Powell's Valley in the present Lee County, and obtained a certificate from the Commissioners in 1779, etc. William Collier deposes that in the winter and spring preceding Christian's campaign he remained at the campt of Thomas Lovelady. William was a hunter and trapper. the Indians became troublesome and the people had to leave.

From website of Jean Colyer Grumbling: this Power of Attorney of son Alexander Colyar (son of William) which states that William Colyar and wife Nancy may have been living in Pulaski County Kentucky at the date of their death :

Power of Attorney dated February 26, 1839 reads as follows:

Know all men by thesse present that I, alexander Colyear of the County of Franklin and State of Tennessee hereby nominate, constitue and appoint my son, George T. Colyer of said county and state, my true and lawfull Attorney in fact for me and in my name to do and attend to all business I have any interest in in the state of Kentucky and more particularly to ask for, receive from and receipt for all money coming to me from the estate of my deceased Father, William Colyear late of the County of Pulaski and state of Kentucky or from the estate of my deceased mother, Nancy Colyear of said county and state and my said Attorney is also hereby authorized to bring suit or suits as he may think proper for the recovery of the same or to compromise the same in such way as he may think best and to give such receipts in my name as may be necessary hereby satisfying and confirming all the acts of my said Attorney may do in pursuance of this poser the same as if I was present and done the same myself. Given under my hand and seal this 26th day of February 1839.
Alexander Colyear (his mark) ?
State of Tennessee
Franklin County
I, John R. Paterick(?)an acting Justice of the Peace in and for the county and state aforsaid hereby certify that Alexander Colyear personally appeared before me this day and acknowledged the within power of Attorney to be his act and deed for the purpose therein expressed.
Given under my hand and seal this 26th day of February, 1839.
John R. Patrick
Justice of the Peace
State of Tennessee
Franklin County
I, William W. Brazelton, clerk of the County Court of said County certify that John R. Patrick is and was at the time of making the above (unreadable) an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County duly commissioned, legally qualified as such and entitled to (unreadable) and credit in all of his official acts.
In Witness whereof I have here unto set my hand and affixed my seal of office at office, the 26th day of February, A.D.1839
William W. Brazelton, Clerk
State of Tennessee
Franklin County
I, Wallis Estill (?) Jr., chariman and presiding magistrate of the county court of said county certify that William W. Brazelton whose name is signed to the foregoing certificate is and was Clerk of said county of the time of signing the same and that his attestation is in due form of Law and sealed with the county seal. Given under my hand and seal this 26th day of February A.D. 1839.
W. Estill Jr. Chairman of Franklin County Court
(followed by another certification by Will Fawcett!

Copy of Power of Attorney, now on file with Jean Colyer Grumbling.POA located in Book 10, Page 147.
"Tennessee" by Moore, pg. 102

Richard Curtis note: based on info in this power of attorney, it appears that William Colyar and his wife Nancy had gone to live with their son John Colyer living in Pulaski County in the region of Buck Creek and Cumberland River in Jugornot Hollow. It appears that William died and Nancy died there. John had deeds to about 150 acres at least in that area. He sold it to his first born son, Bluford Colyer in 1842 after having moved up Pittman creek to Ruth. My guess is that I suspect that this power of attorney that Alexander, John's brother, filed in 1839 coincided with the death of his mother Nancy Ann St. Claire Colyar. William is reported to have died 20 years earlier in 1819. Ancestry.com reports in the Tennessee Census of 1810's that in 1814, Wm Colyar Sr. and Wm Colyar Jr. and Alexander Colyer are still living in Washington County TN. It must be some time after this and before 1819 William Colyar Sr. moves to Kentucky with son John in Pulaski County. They had likely gone to live with their most financially secure son, John....who like his father William had amassed land along a river likely in search of mineral rights. Not finding much, John was farming instead in this very mountainous region. The only flat tillable land in the area was the jugornot Hollow off what is now highway 769 leading to Buck Creek boat dock. John's other brother Alexander had migrated from East TN to Franklin County TN (winchester) and was farming on leased land. His house had burned down on the Nolichucky river in Jonesboro TN area so migrated to Winchester TN. Since he had no deeded land in area....it appears he was not financially successful. The other son of William ( William Jr.) had become a justice of the peace in Jonesboro and was not a large land owner. So it appears John was the largest land owner by pioneering property and obtaining first deeds along the cumberland river in Pulaski county KY. 
William Colyar
161 http://www.roanetn.com/Holland_early.htm
A List of the Company of Militia Under the Command of Capt. Joseph Martin in PITTSYLVANIA CO.VA 1774

Joseph Martin, Captain; John Cunningham, Lieutenant, David Chadwell, Ensign, William Cox and John Turner, Sergeants, Robert Perryman, Clerk

Benja Dillion, Carter Dillion, Henry Dillion, Edmd Lyne, Michael Barker, John Barker, Mordicai Hoard, Henry Bradbury, Robert Searcy, John Witt(en)?, John Stamps, WILLIAM HOLLAND, THOS HOLLAND, James Short, James Spencer, John Walker, Henry Tate, Nathl Tate, Edmond Graves, Joseph Baker, John Palphrey, Humphry Posey, John Noe Senr, John Barker, Joel Barker, Chars Barker, Josiah Cox, Prier Noe, James Godard, William Dotson, Alex Jarves, Wm. Collyer, Jos Laurence, Chas Foster, John Turner Geo Reaves, Daniel Smith, Josiah Turner, Wm Turner, Josh Byrd, Richd Baker, Wm Mullins Senr, William Mullins Junr, John Mullins, Ambrose Mullis, Wm Standly Sr, Wm Standly Jur, Richd Standly, John Standly, Saml Packwood, Baine Carter, Pleasant Duke, Charles Dunkan, Wm Reed, John Goin, Richd Colliar, William Bays

The majority of information shown on these pages (other than individual contributors as noted), comes from the writings of Snyder E. Roberts, and his wife, Pauline Halburnt Roberts. The most frequently-quoted book is his Roots of Roane County, TN – 1792- , published in 1981. Also his first book, Roberts Families of Roane County, TN, published in 1969—now out of print. (Reprints of Roots available from Oliver Springs Historical Society)

The call had been directed in response to reports of British attempts to stir the Indians into active warfare against the western settlements of the Colonies. This campaign against the overhill Cherokees lasted a year and involved an extended overland trek as far west as what is now Knoxville, Tennessee. Armstead would have become knowledgeable of the Cumberland Gap and Tennessee Valley during this campaign. He served under the command of Capt James Lyon. No record of Capt Lyon's company has been found. Upon completing this campaign he joined the company of Joseph Martin (also of Pittsylvania county) in protecting the property of the Powell Valley settlers. Joseph Martin had just two years earlier attempted to start Martin's Station in the Powell Valley and had been driven out by hostile Indians. He had returned to Pittsylvania county and had been instrumental in the political campaigning to initiate the campaign against the Indians. He had left his associate John Redd in Powell Valley at Martin's station. Upon the arrival of the militia in the Holston Valley, John Redd became the sergeant major of Joseph Martin's company. Details of Martin's company actions in this campaign are available from the writings of John Redd and from the Draper Papers. Joseph Martin's orderly book from these campaigns is in the manuscript division of the Library of Congress. I provide some descriptions below to give the reader a sense for the 'action' of this campaign. [Source: The Gulf States Historical Magazine, Vol I, Sept 1902, page 141.] The opposing Indian forces were under the command of Chief Dragging Canoe. He retreated down the Tennessee rather than engage the 1,500 men under General Christian and subsequently established the Chickamaugua tribal settlement and continued in later years to oppose the white intrusion into Cherokee lands. As the Indians retreated before the militia several Indian villages were burned along the tributaries of the Tennessee River. Singled out was the village, which earlier that year, had burned a white captive alive. At one river crossing, believed to be the French Broad, the militia anticipating that the Indians would await the crossing and attack as they were in the water, Joseph Martin's company (30 men) was placed in the lead. Martin personally carried two of his ill militia across the river ford. Another 600 men were sent up river the evening before to ford the river and be prepared to attack the Indian positions. However the Indians had fled and the crossing was uneventful. As the crossing was made a tremendous uproar could be heard in a nearby wood and the militia thought that this was the Indians preparing to attack. Upon investigating it turned out to be a frightened heard of Eastern Buffalo. On another occasion two of Martin's militiamen played a practical joke on one who was exceptionally frightened of Indians. They led him away from his guard post one night with stories of a strayed horse. One of the men slipped away and discharged his weapon, the other fell as if struck dead, while the first rushed toward the unnerved man crying 'Indians!' As the two of them rushed toward the camp, the fallen trooper, rose from behind them and discharged his weapon, at which point the other conspirator fell as if dead, leaving the terrified picket to rush toward the camp alone to alert it to the 'Indian attack'. They had intended according to later testimony to stop him before he got to camp, but were unable to catch him in pursuit. The 'joke' was not amusing to Gen. Christian who had the two arrested. Martin arg ued for there release as they were good men, and eventually had to force their release at sword point. This act of insubordination damaged Martin's opportunities with the militia. General Christians order book contains the order prohibiting the firing of weapons at night which was issued in response to this incident. After the burning of the Indian Villages, the elderly chiefs of the Cherokee sued for peace and the Treaty of 1777 was signed at Long Island, Tennessee. This ceded all the northeastern lands of the Cherokee Indians to the United States. Joseph Martin was established as Indian commissioner for the Commonwealth of Virginia, and moved to Long Island, TN the following year where he lived with his Indian wife, Nancy Ward half-sister of Dragging Canoe. During the latter part of 1777, Joseph Martin, John Redd and Armstead Anderson and 80 or so militiamen were stationed at Rye Cove to guard the Powell and Clinch Valleys against Indian raids. This was a small settlement on a plateau of the Allegany mountains. Enroute they were ambushed by Indians under Little Fellow, while proceeding single file along a steep hill. One of the company was wounded by 5 or 7 balls. Later another ambush killed another militiaman. Armstead mentions an attack that killed one of his fellow militiamen. This is potentially the same incident. It is interesting to compare John Redd's relating of these stories to Armstead's. Clearly the similarity substantiate Armstead's pension testimony

http://www.kentuckykinfolkorganization.com/kenburksupdate.html 3/19/05
1783 deed mentions lines of Roland Horslee Birks on Goblingtown Creek
1785, he sold 100 @ to Richard Collear. ( Goblintown Cr. is in Patrick
Co. today.)
Above two parcels of land received by patent 1 Mar 1781 as recorded in
Henry County Patents, Book D, p. 715.

A look at Henry County records reveals, that the last mention of Rowland Horsely Birk and wife Sarah, is in 1785 when he sold 100 acres of land "where said Burke now lives" to Richard Collier - recorded 24 Mar 1785. Henry County became a county in 1777, formed from Pittsylvania County (formed from Halifax Co. 1767) so he could have been in Pittsylvania and just the county name changed.  
Richard Colyar?
162 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Adaline Colyer
163 Ad Colyer also ran a store at Alcade, KY
Jane Holt Whitis: I think Add Colyer took over as postmaster at the Alcalde post office when my father sold the store there around 1952.

Dexter Alexander: Add Colyer was Ruth postmaster from 1937 to 1944. He took over from my grandfather, John E Alexander, who operated the store and post office beginning in 1925. 
Add N. Colyer
164 According to Cliva Colyer Minton 06/2005 who lives in Jugornot Hollow Pulaski County TN, she said that Ad Colyer ran the grocery store for years that was at Ruth Kentucky. Add N. Colyer
165 According to Mr. Meece, who attends Clay Hill Baptist Church in 2013 who ran a auto garage about 2 miles out hwy 192 from Pitman Creek on left of 192, in interview at the 192 market 08/02/13 said he remembered Add Colyer who ran the Ruth Store awhile. Mr. Meece said he would go into the old store often. Mr. Meece is 78 in 2013. Mr. Meece said that Add Colyer lived back Mayfield Hollow Road. Add N. Colyer
166 Alonzo Denny Colyer, who was a jeweler in Somerset for years.  Alonzo Denny Colyer
167 Census: 1870 Pulaski Co., KY
Note: Lived on a farm in Frankfort, Indiana. 
Andrew Alexander Colyer
168 Harold Colyer 07/18/16 told of his father Neal, working for Andrew on his farm in Indiana shucking corn to earn enough for Neal to purchase his farm on Strawberry Rd in Somerset Ky.

Harold told of Neal telling him that Andrew's son, Duard would take Neal out on the town every so often when Neal was living / working on Andrew's farm in Indiana.

Harold told of tale his dad Neal told him of when working on Andrew's farm, Neal and Andrew happened upon a murder suicide scene of one of Andrew's farm neighbors in Indiana. Harold said it had been raining so no work, and Andrew told Neal, they'd eat some lunch and then perhaps the rain would stop and they'd go to neighbors house to pick up his boar pig to breed it with Andrew's pig. Neal related that upon arrival at neighbors house, they tied up their horses on the fence post to walk to the door, and as they went, the came upon the headless body of a woman....her head having been blown off in a gun blast. They then walked to the door and opened it, and heard no one, but then heard dripping. The looked and blood was dripping down from upstairs through the board floor into the living room. The left to get police and it was determined the farmer had killed his wife and then killed himself. 
Andrew Alexander Colyer
169 Commonwealth Journal newspaper Aug 5, 1937(reprint 05/31/14)

Robert Gwinn, Danville contractor, this week purchased the rock quarry on Reservoir Hill from A. J. Colyer, who has been operating it since 1922.

Mr. Gwinn plans to move his wife and three children to Somerset.

H. H. Benson, who has been manager of the quarry for several months, will retain his posi- tion.
Andrew Jackson Colyer
170 per Robert Sears via "You know you're from Pulaski County/Somerset Ky if" facebook page:

The big farm, now long subdivided across from Pulaski High was the Jay Colyer farm. Originally it was the Frazure (correct spelling) and the Woodcock farm owned by his in-laws. At one time there were several grave stones from their families in the area between the Pepsi plant and the convenience store which stand there now. Colyer ran the old Somerset quarry which was on the Reservoir Knob which is now adjacent to the 80-bypass. You can still see remnants of the quarry pit. He was known to be something of a wild man when it came to dynamite blasting at the quarry. Herb Jasper who had driven a truck for him said it was not uncommon for bowling ball size boulders to be blown to Crab Orchard St. from one of his blasts. Colyer's equipment was kept in big open shed behind the brick house he lived in on Ky 39. I spent the first five years of my life living in sight of it. for a kid fascinated by machinery it was tantalizing to see. However my Mom had threated to wear me out if she as much as caught my foot on the fence bordering his place. colyer seldom left his house in his latter years. He had paid employees who lived with him and cooked and kept house for him. I saw him one time when he stopped at Littrell's old store to buy gas and he was too drunk to get out of the car. Oh yes,one more story here.. Herb Jasper said that Colyer's trucks were involved in the building of east Ky 80. They were old hard tired Macks, little better than a jolt wagon with a motor according to Jasper. He said he was literally worn out after a shift of being jostled in one of them. 
Andrew Jackson Colyer
171 http://www.geocities.com/Nashville/Bluegrass/2867/
Tennessee History Resource Page
brought to you by James B. Jones, Jr.
Telephone: +1 (615) 896-9575

1916, Memphis. The eccentric and arrant son of millionaire Colonel A.S. Colyar of T.C.I and newspaper fame, was committed to the West Tennessee Mental Hospital in Bolivar, after a hearing in Memphis presided over by Judge Tom Harsh. Colyar, despite his advantages, left a promising career as a newspaperman working at his father's paper the Nashville American and at papers in Knoxville and Chattanooga. He began a history of carrying out confidence games. At one time he entered Mexico as the Vice President of the United States and he carried out one fraud after another, as an investigative reporter during the Mary Fagan trial in Atlanta and as an evangelist preacher in Kentucky. He left a trail of bad checks. At one time, for example, he pardoned a prisoner in West Tennessee while he portrayed himself as Governor Rye in Florida. He apparently remained in the hospital and died there, saving his family any further embarrassment. Records of his trial in Memphis in July, 1916, cannot be found, perhaps the result of his family's influence. The records detailing his life are held at the West Tennessee Mental Health Hospital Records' Center in Bolivar are protected by privacy rights and hence may not be viewed by the general public or qualified historians.


Abstracted by Judy Henley Phillips - Nov. 1989

This is number ONE of SEVEN files.
Several years ago I was part of a project to arrange these Wilson County records for filming by the Tennessee State Library and Archives. The project did not go forward because of lack of help.
These abstracts are only a portion of the records that were located in a small vault in the courthouse. At the time of this project, there were numerous boxes of Plea and Quarter Session records stacked in the storage room. Those records dated to the beginning of the county and were wonderful! I understand that there is now a preservation project for the loose records in Wilson County.
These Chancery records were in numbered folders. The Clerk and Master wanted the numbers to remain with the file. That number is located at the beginning of these abstracts. The boxes were not all together, so the numbers are not consecutive.
Some abbreviations I have used are: A lower case "a" for acreage and lower case "p" for poles. (Ex. 62a 5p).

1930 - 1897 July 17 - (O.I.B.) Mrs. Sallie A. COLYAR, a married woman and citizen of Davidson Co., TN, who brings this bill by her next friend, S.B. BATES, citizen of Wilson Co., TN Against The Capital City Bank, principal office in Davidson Co., A.S. COLYAR, Jr. and J.H. ZARICOR, citizens of Davidson Co., and D.J. BARTON, of Wilson Co., TN. She and A.S. COLYAR, Jr. married in Wilson Co., TN on 29 Apr. 1891 and moved to Davidson Co. She was the owner of an interest in certain real estate in Civil District 1 of Wilson Co., TN and that a marriage contract was executed in which they conveyed all her property to defdt. D.J. BARTON, as trustee, in trust for the sole and separate use and benefit of complt. Her father, Berry SCOBEY, dec'd. ... her mother Sallie B. SCOBEY ... her sister, Mary J. SCOBEY died testate ... property bounded by Wilson M. YOUNG, W.T.M. SMITH, C.C.H. BURTON, Cedar Creek, and J.E. FRAZER. Complt. had inherited 1/6 interest from her father and another 1/6 devised by her sister Mary J.... J.H. ZARICOR held the legal title to the land in trust for A.C. BROWN.... BROWN was to deliver 15 shares of the "Nashville Tyson Sanitarium" ... stock in Cumberland Island Georgia Corp.... Mrs. Sallie B. SCOBEY, mother of complt. died on 7 June 1897....
1890 July 2 - Will of Mary J. SCOBEY: "... my brothers Jas. B. SCOBEY and R.Y. SCOBEY ... my only sister Sallie A. SCOBEY." Wits.: J.N. TABLER; C.C.H. BURTON.

COURIER October 2005
Vol. XLIII, No. 3
By James B. Jones, Jr., Public Historian

On August 4, 1916, Arthur S. Colyar, Jr., son of A. S. Colyar of
Tennessee journalism and industrial fame, was ordered committed to
the West Tennessee Mental Hospital near Bolivar, Tennessee. He was
known as the “Super-confidence man of Tennessee and the country at
large, acclaiming himself governor, preacher and lunatic in turn.” He
scattered worthless checks and operated successfully, particularly in
the south and in Mexico. Colyar had impersonated newspaper
reporters, clergymen, governors and even the vice president of the
United States. His escapades took place all over the nation. Colyar
was closely connected with several of the most prominent families in
Memphis and Nashville. He was incarcerated after spending five
months fighting extradition to Oklahoma and Kentucky. He
explained to the press that he was held in jail by his family, who
wished to put him “away” on account of his drinking.
In early February 1914 a story in the Knoxville Sentinel
announced that Colyar had been apprehended in Raleigh, North
Carolina. He had been circulating in that city impersonating
Tennessee Governor Ben. W. Hooper “when sober, but as plain
Thompson while apparently drunk.” A few years earlier Colyar had
impersonated Gov. M. R. Patterson, while on a journey across Lake
Erie from Detroit to Buffalo. There he received the formal attentions
as a result of his charade, using his borrowed persona to his financial
advantage. He impersonated Governor Tom Rye on a number of
occasions, but during the administration of Governor Ben W. Hooper
he arrived at Memphis on a steamboat in great state with a following
of kindred spirits, impersonating Governor Hooper and staff. Soon
thereafter, sans staff, he extended his role as the governor and arrived
in New York and bounced a number of checks. He was gone before
anyone was the wiser. Confidence man extraordinary, he even during
the Mexican Revolution visited Mexico purporting to be the vicepresident
of the United States. Though he crossed the Rio Grande in
state, he recrossed in haste, urged by the hostile rurales. Colyar’s
adventures, however, were more amusing than remunerative.
Few men in Tennessee had broken into print with the frequency
of A. S. Colyar. According to the Knoxville Sentinel,
Few men for their age, and he is now a middle-aged man,
have been as busily engaged in getting in and out of trouble
as young Colyar. He isn’t at all particular over the location
where the trouble has origin. And his adventures were as
varied as his habitat.
POLICE HOLD A. S. COLYAR read the headline in the
Chattanooga Daily Times of January 5, 1915. A. S. Colyar,
notorious throughout the country and particularly well known in
Tennessee, is again in the toils of the law. A warrant from Oklahoma
caused his arrest at a hospital where he had taken the cure the week
before. He had been drinking for a day or more until he was
physically exhausted and endangered with delirium. He was moved
to the city jail.
Colyar was about 48. According to the Times: “It is usually a
safe bet that he would play some prominent part in any criminal case
that might develop country-wide interest. Colyar insists he does not
court the limelight, but the limelight has wooed him incessantly. He
is an authority on prisons and asylums and his experience with the
authorities of the law is not altogether domestic.”
He was cool as the proverbial cucumber on the night following
his arrest. He admitted to the press that the matter in Oklahoma was
most likely true. According to Colyar: “I was on a big spree in
Oklahoma, and may have given checks the banks dishonored. When
men put too much drink into their system it is very likely to result in
grand larceny of brains.” His problems in Oklahoma stemmed from
his impersonating a man of the cloth as the Rev. A. S. Colyar, Jr. In
this capacity he had conned a few wealthy parishioners to invest in a
bogus clay mining/pottery manufacturing business while
simultaneously promoting a revival and then absconding with all the
receipts, to say less about passing bad checks.
While in jail he bragged about some of his connections. “Ben”
Hooper, as he familiarly referred to Tennessee's retiring chief
executive, would never embarrass him according to Colyar, because
of his links with politicos such as Newell Sanders and “Old Man” [B.
F.] Stahlman. Stahlman was an intimate of Col. Colyar, Sr., the
industrialist and journalist, and by reason of that relationship he had
frequently indulged the wayward son. Ex-U. S. Senator Newell
Sanders was likewise a good friend of a relative of Colyar, “and in
consequence evinces more than passing interest in the vagaries of the
irresponsible scamp.”
In addition to these connections public men throughout
Tennessee knew Colyar well. He had pursued work in a number of
professions, most notably law and journalism. He had worked in
almost every section of the state. Once in upper East Tennessee he
was editor-in-chief of five successful weeklies, subsidized, so he
stated, in the interest of the late W. P. Brownlow. Like his adventures
in Oklahoma, Methodism, republicans and democrats, even
progressives, appeared alike to Colyar when he engaged in
characteristic, untiring “search for adventure and the piffle some
called ill-gotten gains or pelf.”
Colyar was eager to tell of his lighthearted life and that he had
twice been judged insane. His character was difficult to characterize.
According to a newspaper report: “It would be difficult to find just
such a man of his character. His profuse vocabulary is of widest
extent, and amid everyday environment his cursing is spectacularly
profound. Should his auditor, however, happen to be a minister or
even a sinner, and Colyar’s conversation is chaste and as elegant as
the purest, acceptable English will permit. If … his tongue slip a wee
‘drat it’ or ‘doggone’ issue, he is quick with profound obeisance and
apparently abject humiliation will pray pardon for his impropriety.”
He was a confidence man of no small talent.
“You cannot take me back,” Colyar told the Oklahoma deputy
sent to retrieve him to face justice. I am under criminal bond to
appear before a court of this state and cannot legally be taken across
the state line. If you get requisition papers and force me to leave I
will not return and they know they cannot make me return. If this
should fail I can get any number of people to swear that I am
crazy…and everyone knows I am crazy sometimes.”
Ensconced in the Hamilton County jail, he was temporarily safe
from extradition to Oklahoma. The governor would have to
determine if the admitted crazy man would remain in Tennessee or
leave for Oklahoma. The technicalities of the law seemed, for the
time being at least, to sustain his position. Colyar won the assistance
of two local judges, Floyd Estill and Lewis Shepherd, who had
agreed to prevent his extradition to Oklahoma. Judge Shepherd and
Judge Estill were prepared to fight the issuance of requisition papers
by Gov. Hooper. His hearing was set for 9 AM before City Judge
Fleming on January 7, 1915.
At the hearing Arthur S. Colyar, Jr.’s representatives initiated
habeas corpus proceedings and Colyar continued to deny the
Oklahoma charge of obtaining money under false pretenses.

According to his legal representatives the con-man was at that
time…insane and incapable of committing any crime… He has been
insane from youth up to the present time and has been repeatedly
adjudged insane in the in the courts of Tennessee and confined in
insane asylums. He is permanently insane and has no lucid intervals
that would give him the capacity to commit any crime.” Additionally,
Governor Hooper had not signed the warrant, making it null and
He told the history of the prisoner’s father, of his service to the
Confederacy and his later life spent in Winchester and Nashville.
Colyar heard himself denounced as a degenerate without batting an
eye. Later, he joined the court and spectators in hearty laughter when
his attorney, Judge Estill, compared Colyar to a “summer coon not fit
to eat and that his hide was worth nothing.”
Two days later, as he waited for the court’s decision on the
habeas corpus matter, the defendant Colyar indulged in a bit of
doggerel about his plight sung to the tune of “It’s a Long Way to
It’s a long way to Oklahoma,
It’s a long way to go;
It’s a long way to Oklahoma,
To the damndest jail I know.
Good-by Chattanooga,
Dear old courthouse square,
It’s a long, long way to Oklahoma
But they want me out there.
The Oklahoma authorities were disappointed. Colyar’s case
was decided on legal technicalities. The Judge agreed the governor’s
warrant was null and void. Colyar would escape the prospect of
going on trial in Oklahoma. But his machinations in Kentucky
suddenly had caught up with him. Immediately after being set free
Colyar was re-arrested upon the Kentucky charges.
Matt “Old Matt” Spencer, Sheriff of Breathitt county sent a
telegram to police officials in Chattanooga that Colyar was wanted
for “emmpexxlement” from the Bank of Jackson. Colyar’s attorneys
quickly filed yet another petition of habeas corpus. Sheriff Spencer’s
cable continued: “Hold Colyar till I get there. I’m comin’ after him.”
Colyar testified in his own behalf at the next day’s hearing. His
testimony proved that he had “to be about the smartest man who ever
went on the witness stand here and swore that he was crazy.” He was
the very caricature of a character. There was hardly a town in Florida
of any size but where some local tycoon had been bamboozled by the
Tennessee trickster and held one of the “governor’s” checks. While
in Florida he successfully pardoned a prisoner in West Tennessee. As
an ersatz governor he often sent telegrams to sheriffs of Tennessee
commuting sentences, convincing his duped victims could have the
honor of filing it for him.
At New Orleans a prolonged drinking binge put him in one of
the hospitals for some time. As “Gov. Rye of Tennessee,” he obtained
the finest suite and recuperated under the care of a special Crescent
City nurse. Texas was next visited, and Texans, too, were taken in
and cashed his checks on various occasions. Though he openly came
back to Chattanooga after he had exhausted his resources there, no
attempt was made to take out requisition papers for him, as the west
had had experience with him in that line. According to the Times:
His story, related on the witness stand yesterday, if reduced
to a scenario, would be a “scream” from start to finish and
would deserve the patronage of all movie fanatics. He has
been an inmate at the insane asylum in Tennessee…nine
times….He…had spent nine months in a Florida
institution, six months in the asylum in
Ohio...considerable time in an institution of that character
in Virginia and twice in Georgia asylums.
At one point of his cross-examination the prosecuting attorney
looked him in the eye and asked: “Colyar, you ain’t crazy, are you?”
He replied: “You can’t find a man in Lyon’s View that will tell you
he is crazy.”
His first visit to Lyon’s View was when he was a boy, 19 years
of age. While he was nonplussed about his father placing him there,
he didn’t stay long. His inclination for writing bad checks was
initiated soon after he escaped from the institution. He went directly
to Knoxville, to the supreme court room when the court was in
session, and drew a draft on his father for $10 - which his father’s
friend, Chief Justice Peter Turney, cashed for him. He testified
further that he had been in similar disputes before and always won.
This, most likely due to his father’s influence and acquaintance with
governors Buchanan, Taylor, McMillin, Frazier and Cox who all had
refused to honor extradition papers for Colyar
A medical expert testified that Colyar was of unsound mind, a
“moral crank with a mania for financial dealings ”but expressed no
opinion on Colyar’s sanity. Judge Estill, Colyar’s attorney and a
childhood comrade, said that in his opinion Colyar did know right
from wrong, but did not have the power of resistance to control
himself when his mind became set on a specific goal.
The upshot was that Colyar’s case was sent to the Appeals
Court in Knoxville. Apparently he won the appeal and was set free
without having to stand trial in Oklahoma, Kentucky, or even in
Franklin County, Tennessee. Yet this was only the groundwork for
the end of his story. His insanity would become less a shield from
imprisonment and more a rationale for treatment.
In July 1916 he was arrested while recuperating from excessive
alcohol consumption on charges of passing bad checks. Pronounced
insane by Memphis courts, Colyar had been confined in the state
asylum at Bolivar. The Bolivar Bulletin of August 4, 1916 remarked,
perhaps unfairly, of his incarceration:
One time city editor of the Nashville American, formerly
owned by his father, Colyar has been regarded as a man of
extraordinary though perverted talents. As a scion of one
of the most respected families in the state, with every
advantage, it has been freely said that he could have risen
to a high measure of success. It is regarded as the irony of
fate that the ground on which he had so many times evaded
the law has been used as the instrument of his downfall
and landed him behind the bars of an asylum. Many who
know Colyar predict that he will shortly be the greatest
Roman of them all in the Bolivar institution, and either
lead a successful revolt of the Napoleons, Julius Caesars,
etc., confined therein, or in some manner regain his liberty.
Whether or not he ever regained his liberty is not known, as all
records relating to his case are sealed in perpetuity. His burial site is
not known. Colyar’s story is an instance of the observation that
history should be portrayed, blemishes and all. Certainly he was a
colorful character from a distinctive lineage. Yet while his lively part
in our past was marginalized due to social conventions and bygone
deference for family connections, he nevertheless played a role in the
Volunteer State’s past, and Colyar’s life reads much like the plot of
an. O. Henry short story, as the basis for one of his ironic, fictional
Arthur St. Clair Colyer, Jr.
172 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Blanche Elizabeth Colyer
173 903.) Patent #: 14823 Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 29 259 Acreage: 75
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Buck Cr.
Survey Name: Ping, John Survey Date: 11/21/1848
Grant Date: 05/01/1850

904.) Patent #: 14824 Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 29 260 Acreage: 55
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Buck Cr.
Survey Name: Ping, John Survey Date: 11/21/1848
Grant Date: 05/01/1850

905.) Patent #: 14825 Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 29 261 Acreage: 70
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Cumberland R.
Survey Name: Ping, John Survey Date: 11/22/1848
Grant Date: 05/01/1850

906.) Patent #: 14826 Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 29 262 Acreage: 60
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Cumberland R.
Survey Name: Ping, John Survey Date: 11/21/1848
Grant Date: 05/01/1850  
Bluford Colyer
174 According to many deeds I have examined found in Pulaski County Court House, Bluford bought the property that was originally patented to this father John Colyer along the Cumberland River and Buck Creek in about 1846. Bluford later apparently lost most of the land in the Jugornot Area of Pulaski County via court ordered sale as the result of lawsuit. Not sure in 2005 of nature of suit. In a any event, it appears from deeds that friends bought the property at auction and later transferred it back to Bluford Colyer wife--Rebecca Colyer. She owns land in the the area until at least 1895 when she donated small lot to enable the contruction of Jugornot school. This school , now torn down in 2005, use to site right on highway 769 (Rush Branch Road). She also gave land to son Bluford Kirtley Colyer for his home place next to other son William Colyer.  Bluford Colyer
175 http://apps.sos.ky.gov/land/nonmilitary/patentseries/cocourtorders/ccoadvsearch2.asp?searchby=warrantnum&searchstrg=%25&show=1000&sortby=&order=&page=8&keywordtype=AND&within=&oldsearch=[county]+LIKE+%27%25%25%25%27

7137.) Patent #: 07844 (5 Images) Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 17 81 Acreage: 17
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Buck Cr.
Survey Name: Colyer, Bluford Survey Date: 09/03/1845
Grant Date: 07/05/1846
Warrant #1: 403

7138.) Patent #: 07845 (3 Images) Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 17 82 Acreage: 100
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Cumberland R.
Survey Name: Colyer, Bluford Survey Date: 12/30/1844
Grant Date: 07/05/1846
Warrant #1: 284

7139.) Patent #: 07846 (5 Images) Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 17 83 Acreage: 100
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Cumberland R.
Survey Name: Colyer, Bluford Survey Date: 12/30/1844
Grant Date: 07/05/1846
Warrant #1: 284

7140.) Patent #: 07847 (3 Images) Grantee: Colyer, Bluford
Grant Book & Pg: 17 84 Acreage: 83
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Cumberland R.
Survey Name: Colyer, Bluford Survey Date: 09/03/1845
Grant Date: 07/05/1846
Warrant #1: 403  
Bluford Colyer
176 There has been confusion on First name. However, see deeds on site AND death certificate of son William Memes Colyer on this site that shows than First Name was BLUFORD, not Buford. Bluford Colyer
177 According to Jugornot Hollow long time resident (family there for generations) Shirley Bray, June 2005, BK Colyer was known as Blufie Colyer. She said he is buried in abandoned cemetery off Ponderosa Drive which is right off highway 769 (Rush Branch Rd) in Pulaski county near Buck Creek Boat dock. I found his grave stone in this abandoned cemetery 06/24/05 Bluford Kirtley Colyer
178 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Brenda C. Colyer
179 according to Cliva Colyer Minton 2005, grand-daughter of Buford Wesley Colyer.....Wes is buried at Wesley Chapel in the Jugornot area of Pulaski county. Buford Wesley Colyer
180 1778 tax records Henry County VA:1784
Oct 27: Deed pgs 65 and 66: Charles Colyar of Henry Co to George Sumpter of the Same for 90 pounds sells all that part of a Tract on Bowen?s Creek on of the orders of the Smith River, beg. At the whole tract patented by Jacob Adams for 295 acres and deeded out of the said 295 acres. This deed of 73 and ¾ acres and joins the old lines of Anglin: Charles Collier (X) Wit: John Salmon James Baker Absalom Adams. Proved 1784 Nov 25 Henry County 
Charles Colyer
181 Appears as 1st Mayor of Mt. Vernon Ky. According to Kentucky Legislative Record, was a Ky Legislator from at least 1833-1838 based on record examined. His primary efforts as Legislator were in improving roads of Laurel and Rockcastle counties, including toll establishment on the Wilderness Road, and River traffic on the Rockcastle River. Charles Colyer, Jr.
182 curtisamerica.com note: From the underlying documents of various researchers beginning with the 1925 Calloway Family by Mrs. A.E Hart research paper on the family of John Colyer born 1744, I do not think it is clear whether Charles Eve Colyer, who was married to Mary Renfro is the son of John Colyer born 1744 or Charles Colyer Sr. born 1757 living per census in Mt. Vernon Ky Rockcastle county. Charles Colyer Sr. is brother of William Colyar father of John Colyer born 1781.

Census records of Rockcastle county Ky show living there both a Charles Colyer Sr. and a Charles Colyer Jr.

Other records may show John Colyer born 1744 having son named Charles, but many Colyer families in the area at the time had son's name Charles. 
Charles Colyer

Colyer, Charles Jnr. 3
Colyer, Charles Snr. 10
Colyer, Duke 8
Colyer, Micajah 5
Colyer, Richard 8
Colyer, Stephen 4
Colyer, Susanah 14
Colyer, William 4
Charles Colyer
184 Miss Alice colyer Gala of Louisville Ky on 8/1/98 stated that she had information learned from books in the Louisville Filson club library about Virginia in Revolutionary War.

She states that her info says that a Charles Colyer was born in Fauquier Co. Virginia and Enlisted in the Military in Henry Co. Virginia after the war. That he lived in Washington Co. Tn, Pulaski Co. Kentucky then Rock Castle Co. Kentucky. He applied for a pension in 1834. His revolutionary war number for pension was S30967. Alice thinks that this was Williams brother. Rock Castle is very close to Pulaski county. Genological abstracts of Revolutionary files Vol I A-D by White.

White's extract as follows:
"Colyer, Charles, S30967, VA Line, sol was b in Dec 1757 Fauquier Cty VA & enl in Henry Cty VA & after the war sol lived in VA & in TN that part which later became Washington Cty TN then moved to Pulaski Cty KY then to Rockcastle Cty KY & appl there 30 Jul 1834."

Correspondence from National Archives re: Charles Colyer record in letter dated Aug 5, 1930 to Mr. Ben Reeves of Branesville GA from acting commissioner of archives E.W. Morgan he states that:
" He enlisted in Henry County, Virginia, in 1779 or 1780, served as a private under Captain Cunningham guarding the frontiers and scouting after the Indians, and was wounded in an engagement on Holston River by a ball from a pistol passing through his left side, length of this service not less than three months.

He enlisted in the summer of 1781, exact date not given, served as a private in Captains James Shelton's and Rice's Virginia Companies, was stationed as a guard at Prince Edward Court House. A part of the time, length of this service not less than four months.

In the Fall of the year after the siege of Yorktown, exact date not stated, he was appointed by Colonel Love to range the frontier country near the Tennessee line against the Indians and served three months." Examination of copies of the handwritten affidavit in 1834 for pension application shows that Richard Colyer, a clergyman, testified to Charles Colyer's character and stories of his service in Revolutionary War. This Richard Colyer said that he had known Charles Colyer for some 30 years. This is same Richard Colyer, clergy , that also testifies on behalf of Grizzy Colyer (widow of John Colyer of 1744) for pension.

Dorchester County, MD Slave Purchasers, 1823-1836
Colyer Charles Rock Castle Co., KY DORCHESTER COUNTY COURT (Chattel Records), 1827-1833

Affidavit by Jesse Brock, dated 14 Oct, 1836, stating that he gave power of attorney to Charleton Hurt of
Lexington and that his original pension certificate had been lost or stolen while in the possession of Mayor
Charles Colyer of Mount Vernon.
- continuation of affidavit by Jesse Brock
- Affidavit by James Henderson stating he drew up the power of attorney for Jesse Brock to Charleton Hunt
and gave it to Mayor Charles Colyer and that it was either lost or stolen. signed John H. Slaughter
- Affidavit by Mayor Charles Colyer of Rockcastle Co., KY, date 8 Nov 1836, states: He was given the
pension certificate of Jesse Brock along with the power of attorney for Charleton Hunt. Sometime after
seeing Mr. Hunt his pocket book was either lost or stolen which contained the original certificate. signed
John H. Slaughter

See the PDF documents section of this site referenced off the home page that says this Charles Colyer is of same family as A.S. Colyar descended. This is stated in Andrew Michaux?s Travels in the Tennessee Country contain reference to him in March 1796 arriving at Charles Collier?s 10 miles from Jonesborough. A footnote to this comment states that this Charles Collier was of the family from which descended Col. Arthur St. Clair Colyar. You can see the Michaux's book in PDF section concerning John Colyers of Washington County.

This connects this Charles Colyer/Colyar to William Colyar of Washington Cty TN. Therefore, since Charles' pension file shows he was from Henry County VA, it follows that the William Colyar showing up in Henry County VA signing an oath of allegience there with Charles in 1777 (see PDF section fo site) is brother to Charles. Thus it seems that the Colyer/Colyar/Coliar of Henry County VA is in fact the family of William Colyar of Washington County TN.

The book "A History of Pulaski County Kentucky" by Alma Owens Tibbals pub 1952 states on page 69 where speaking of Pulaski county bountiful creeks and resulting grist mills : "At the second court, which met in August, 1799, five permits were asked to erect water gristmills: Charles Collier on Brush Fork of Buck Creek;...."

It appears from Revolutionary pension app data and this court order Pulaski County 1799, that Charles Colyer was first to come to Kentucky and Pulaski County. Followed by John Colyer, his nephew who received a land grant of Buck Creek /Cumberland River in 1809. See 1864 Civil War Map associated to John Colyer that shows a Colyer's Mill on Pitman Creek at current day Clay Hill Road. Also see road orders that reference Charles Colyear (Charles Colyer) land near Pitman creek in 1824.
Charles Colyer
185 The 1850 census for Northern District, Rockcastle County, Kentucky, taken on August 21st, copy in file, shows:

Charles Colyer, age 63, male, white, Farmer, value of real estate $2000, born in Virginia
Mary, age 55, female, white, born in Virginia
Wesley Riggs, age 41, amle, white, laborer, bornin Kentucky
Permelia, age 34, female, white, born in Kentucky,
Albert, age 12, male, white, born in Kentucky
Stephane, age 10, male, white, born in Kentucky
Mary E., age 7, female, white, born in Missouri
Martha, age 5, female, white, born in Missouri
Charles, age 2, male, white, born in Missouri
Sarah E., age 5/12, female, white, born in Missouri
Riley Renfro, age 17, male, white, laborer, born in Kentucky (nephew of Mary Renfro Colyer?) 
Charles Colyer, Jr.
186 Debbie Meece Sears 03/03/2015: I just talked to Peanut's daughter. She said there was a son named Homer that was older than the triplets. He never married, just got back from the war and was killed in a taxi cab accident on 461. He is buried at Clay Hill. There was 3 other girls.Edith who lived in Cinn. and later moved to Florida, Ardie who always lived in Cinn. and Addie who also lived in Cinn. She said her uncle "cracker Jack" learned to be a chef while in the Navy and was the chef at the Shriners restaurant in Cinn. Charles (Charlie) B. Colyer
187 Per interview of Gary Ridner 08/24/12, who lives next to old Ruth Ky store, Charlie Colyer lived across the street from Clay Hill Baptist Church. He said there use to be a swing bridge across Pitman Creek there and across the creek was Charlie Colyer house.

Mr. Rider who was raised in Ruth and worked as a boy at the old Ruth store/post office...said Charlie married his cousin. He said that Charlie has triplets the neighbors called Peanut, Popcorn and CrackerJack.

Mr. Ridner said that Charlie Colyer in his last weeks moved into the Colyer/Warren house at 4060 hwy 192 and was cared for by his daughter , Ina Colyer Sroufe, who had moved back from Ohio and rented the old house at Pitman Creek. 
Charles (Charlie) B. Colyer
188 Per death cert., was salesman for Louisville Drug company. Charles C. Colyer
189 curtisamerica.com note: From the underlying documents of various researchers beginning with the 1925 Callaway family by Mrs. A.E. Hart research paper on the family of John Colyer born 1744, I do not think it is clear whether Charles Eve Colyer, who was married to Mary Renfro is the son of John Colyer born 1744 or Charles Colyer Sr. born 1757 living per census in Mt. Vernon Ky Rockcastle county. Charles Colyer Sr. is brother of William Colyar father of John Colyer born 1781.

Census records of Rockcastle county Ky show living there both a Charles Colyer Sr. and a Charles Colyer Jr.

Other records may show John Colyer born 1744 having son named Charles, but many Colyer families in the area at the time had son's name Charles. 
Charles Eve Colyer
190 From Mrs. Sherrie White, Fort Worth Texas: 7/3/03

I remember Mama telling me that my Pawpaw (Charles G. Colyer II) taught
school in Kentucky in a one-room school house. She had a handbell that he
used to call the children to school with and a photo of his class. I don't
know exactly where the picture is right now, but I will look for it. Also,
the bell used to be in Mama's cedar chest, but when we were cleaning out the
house after both of our parent's deaths, we couldn't find the bell. We
don't know what happened to it. We were all very upset about that, because
we all had heard about the history behind it and wanted to keep it. We
think our Dad may have taken it out at some time and lost it or gave it
away. He suffered from dementia before his death. Anyway, Mama said that
Pawpaw also taught here in Texas after he moved here. He taught in a small
community west of Fort Worth, but I don't know which one or if it is still
there. I do have a wooden box that he ordered from the Baker Chocolate Co.
to show his students what cocoa beans looked like! After teaching for a
time, he started working for the Rock Island R.R. Co. I believe he worked
there until he retired. He and Granny lived on the next street over from
ours and we would walk over to their house.
They are both buried at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Ft. Worth, but I
have never seen their graves. My mother never took us there to see them. I
didn't know about Sam's child dying here. I suppose it is possible that he
could be buried at Mount Olivet too. Hopefully, we can find out. I think
it is interesting that teaching was so prevalent in the Colyer family. I
too was a teacher. I taught first grade for several years, then quit to
start my family. After that, I didn't have the desire to go back to it. I
recently found out that Granny and Pawpaw's graves had no markers or
gravestones. I don't know the reason for this, but my brother found this
out when they were there a couple of years ago for another funeral and
decided to look them up. They were instructed where to go to find the
graves, but were astonished to find no gravestones. We would like to change
that in the future.
Charles G. Colyer
191 http://kykinfolk.org/pulaski/fact_book/three.htm
There were many citizens of Somerset who favored the Union
in the struggle between the North and South in the 1860s as well as those who volunteered their services in the Confederate cause. Only two of the sixty-four men in Company "G" of the Forty-ninth Volunteer Infantry were not from Somerset. These two men were from Point Isabel (Burnside) just eight miles south of Somerset. The company Captain, Lee Leforce, was a resident of Somerset.

About eight companies in all were enrolled on the outlying spurs of the Cumberland mountains. One of these companies was Company "L" of the First Cavalry Regiment. This company was organized at Somerset, September 11, 1861; was mustered into service October 28, 1861; and was mustered out December 31, 1864. This company eventually became part of Colonel Frank Wolford?s First Kentucky Cavalry and participated in the battle of Logan?s Crossroads in which the Confederate General Felix K. Zollicoffer?s brigade was defeated.

The roll of Captain W. N. Owen?s Company "L":

Captain W. N. Owens Enlisted September 11, 1861

Promoted Major July 31, 1862
Captain Joe. D. Beaty Enlisted September 11, 1861
Captain John B. Fishback
First Lieutenant Matthew H. Blackford
First Lieutenant Robert M. Griffin
Second Lieutenant William A. Lockett
Second Lieutenant Benjamin H. Milton
Second Lieutenant George K. Speed
Second Lieutenant Granvile J. Vaught
First Sergeant Hampton H. Brinkley
First Sergeant John Rourk
Sergeant Andrew J. Catron
Sergeant Daniel Elliott
Sergeant William B. Gragg
Corporal Archibald B. Campbell
Corporal William H. Cox
Corporal James F. Humphries
Corporal Rufus M. Patterson
Corporal Admice T. Saunders
Corporal Joseph N. Taylor
James B. Harper, Bugler


David Baker Richard Falkner William Osborne
Mitchell Bates William Farmer Samuel Raney
John H. Bowling Andrew Fulcher Samuel Reynolds
James P. Bratten Luther C. Green Joseph Sewell
Orville Brewes Marquis D. Green Jesse M. Silvers
William Burton Ebenezer T. Haynes John P. Silvers
John F. Cullis Hohn Loveless Wesley H. Silvers
James D. Doolien Thomas McDowell Thomas H. Smith
James Eassepp John C. Messick Emanuel Sowder
Andrew F. Edwards Joseph Mills William Sowder
Jesse Edwards Robert H. Moore John Taylor
Henry Elliott Robert A. Nunnelly John W. Thacker

Discharged for Disability

Sergeant G. McLue


James Reynolds
Henry C. Ashurst Ira R. Mound William Tinsley
Henry D. Burnett John Osburn

Killed and Died

Corporal James H. Adams Killis J. Evans
Corporal George W. Baber Wilford Gilmore
Corporal Charles P. Cox Robert McQueary
Corporal John Meece John M. Parker
William Branch Robert Raborne
John C. Comstock John Warn
James M. West 
Charles Granade Colyer
192 Information associated with Charles J. Granade Colyer Civil War service based on place and date of enrollment due to impending Union draft:

The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro), was fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Of the major battles of the Civil War, Stones River had the highest percentage of casualties on both sides. Although the battle itself was inconclusive, the Union Army's repulse of two Confederate attacks and the subsequent Confederate withdrawal were a much-needed boost to Union morale after the defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, and it dashed Confederate aspirations for control of Middle Tennessee.

Union Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland marched from Nashville, Tennessee, on December 26, 1862, to challenge General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Murfreesboro. On December 31, each army commander planned to attack his opponent's right flank, but Bragg struck first. A massive assault by the corps of Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee, followed by that of Leonidas Polk, overran the wing commanded by Maj. Gen. Alexander M. McCook. A stout defense by the division of Brig. Gen. Philip Sheridan in the right center of the line prevented a total collapse and the Union assumed a tight defensive position backing up to the Nashville Turnpike. Repeated Confederate attacks were repulsed from this concentrated line, most notably in the cedar "Round Forest" salient against the brigade of Col. William B. Hazen. Bragg attempted to continue the assault with the corps of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge, but the troops were slow in arriving and their multiple piecemeal attacks failed.

Fighting resumed on January 2, 1863, when Bragg ordered Breckinridge to assault the well-fortified Union position on a hill to the east of the Stones River. Faced with overwhelming artillery, the Confederates were repulsed with heavy losses. Aware that Rosecrans was receiving reinforcements, Bragg chose to withdraw his army on January 3 to Tullahoma, Tennessee.

Following the Battle of Stones River, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans, commanding the Union Army of the Cumberland, remained in the Murfreesboro, Tennessee, area for over five months. In an effort to block further Union progress, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg, commander of the Army of Tennessee, established a fortified line along the Duck River from Shelbyville to Wartrace. On the Confederate right, infantry and artillery detachments guarded Liberty, Hoover's, and Bellbuckle Gaps through the Highland Rim (near Beechgrove, Tennessee). Rosecrans's superiors, fearing that Bragg might detach large numbers of men to help break the Siege of Vicksburg, urged him to attack the Confederate positions.

On June 23, 1863, Rosecrans deployed forces to feign an attack on Shelbyville while massing forces against Bragg's right. His troops struck out toward the gaps. On June 24, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's men, spearheaded by Colonel John T. Wilder's "Lightning Brigade", attacked Hoover's Gap. Wilder's mounted infantry pushed ahead and reached the gap nearly 9 miles ahead of Thomas's main body.[3] Wilder's men were armed with new Spencer repeating rifles and when they attacked the Confederate 1st (3rd) Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, under Colonel J. Russell Butler, was easily pushed aside.[2] As Butler's unit fell back the entire 7 mile length of Hoover's Gap, it ran into Brig. Gen. William B. Bate's brigade of Maj. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart's division.[2]

Wilder entrenched on the hills south of the gap and determined to hold this extremely advanced position.[3] Bate's brigade counterattacked throughout the day but could not dislodge the Federals. Wilder received orders from Thomas to fall back through the gap. Wilder refused claiming he could still hold his ground. Meanwhile, Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson's brigade arrived and now Bate and Johnson planned a final attack on Wilder. This attack was also repulsed and by 7:00 p.m. units from Lovell Rousseau and John M. Brannan's divisions of Thomas's corps arrived at the gap.[3]

Just before noon on June 26, Stewart sent a message to Johnson and Bate stating that he was pulling back and they should also.[2] Although slowed by rain, Rosecrans moved on, forcing Bragg to retreat from his defensive line and fall back to Tullahoma. After reaching Tullahoma, Rosecrans sent Wilder's Lightning Brigade ahead to hit the railroad in Bragg's rear. Arriving too late to destroy the Elk River railroad bridge, the Federals destroyed railroad track around Decherd.

Bragg evacuated his forces from Middle Tennessee and withdrew to the city of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Rosecrans followed and captured that city on September 8, 1863. Maneuvering then continued in the Chickamauga Campaign. Rosecrans was frustrated that the victory at Hoover's Gap and the Tullahoma Campaign were overshadowed by two other Union victories in the summer of 1863, the Siege of Vicksburg and Battle of Gettysburg.

6th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
Organized during the summer of 1862 with men from the central and eastern section of Kentucky.
Most of its members were captured at Buffington Island on July 19 and the remaining part at New Lisbon on July 26, 1863. The regiment was not reorganized.
Its commanders were Colonel J. Warren Grigsby, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas W. Napier, and Major William G. Bullitt.

May, 1863, 2nd Cavalry Brigade, Col. R.M. Gano commanding, less some detachments retained by Gen. Morgan, temporarily attached to Grigsby's Cavalry operating in and about McMinnville, Tennessee. Morgan's force was subsequently destroyed at Buffington's Island, Ohio and the scattered remnants returning to Tennessee apparently rejoined the depleted remains of Gano's brigade operating with Grigsby.

September 18, 1863, remnants of Morgan's former command and 2nd Cavalry Brigade under Col. R.M. Gano operating under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest in the Battle of Chickamauga. Brig. Gen. Richard M. Gano, taking with him remnants of his original "Texas Cavalry Squadron," now called "Gano Guards" and consisting of about eighty men, is assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department to command all Texas Cavalry therein operating 
Charles Granade Colyer
193 Richard Curtis note: examination of an engraved pocket watch believed to have belonged to Charles Granade Colyer reveals that the initials engraved include four (4) letters that appear to be CjgC. Based on research on this site, it is suggested that perhaps the Granade name came from a famed 1800 era methodist evangilist named John Granade who operated in the home area of Charles Granade Colyer's father, John. Notice that the civil war records of Charles Granade Colyer sometimes shows him as "CJ Colyer" and sometimes as "CG Colyer". Based on the watch engraving evidence etc...it is suggested that Charles's full name was "Charles John Granade Colyer".

(from Dean Hunter gedcom files)

CHARLES GRANADE COLYER was born August 8, 1832, in Pulaski County, Kentucky, the son of JOHN COLYER and LYDIA PURVIS. He grew up on his father's farm on Pitman Creek in eastern Pulaski County. C. G. COLYER married LOUISA JANE MEECE, July 14, 1861, in Pulaski County, Kentucky. LOUISA JANE MEECE, was born August 21, 1842, in Pulaski County, Kentucky, daughter of EPHRIAM MEECE and MATILDA RICHARDSON MEECE.
Sam Colyer, son of C. G. COLYER, stated that his father enlisted in the Confederate Army, when he heard that he was to be drafted into the Union Army within a few days.

Pension Records1

The records show that C. G. COLYER, private, Company C, 6th Kentucky Cavalry, Confederate States
Army1 enlisted January 24, 1863; as C. J. COLYER, private, Company G, said regiment, was captured at Cripple Creek, Tennessee, May 14, 1863; was paroled at Fort McHenry, Maryland, May 29, 1863, and was received City Point, Virginia, May 31, 1863.
The name of one C. G. COLYER, sergeant, Company E, Detachment of various Regiments of Morgan's Cavalry Division appears on muster roll of Company E and H of that organization for December 31, 1862, to August 31, 1863 (only payroll on file), on which he was reported present and to have enlisted January 1, 1863. No later record of him has been found.

C 6 Cav Ky2 Confederate
C. G. COLYER Pvt., Capt. M. B. Perkins' Company,
Grigsby's Reg't, Kentucky Cav.*
Appears on
Company Muster Roll of the organization named above for Nov. 1, 1862 to Feb 28 , 1863
Enlisted: Jan 24, 1863
Where: Beech Grove, Tenn.
By whom: Capt. Perkins
Period: Three years
Last Paid: Never Paid
Present or absent: Present
Remarks: Volunteered for the unexpired term of the

*This company subsequently became Company C, 6th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry

The regiment was formed about February 1, 1863, by the consolidation of Grigsby's and Bullitt's Battalions Kentucky Cavalry.

C 6 Cav Ky
Appears on a register:
Dept of the Cumberland, Reg. No.1
(Hd. Qrs. Prov. Mar. General, Nashville, Tenn.
To what point forwarded: Louisville, May 28

Received at Military Prison, Louisville, Ky., May 23,
1863, from penitentiary at Nashville, Tenn.
Roll dated May 23, 1863.

Where taken: Cripple Creek, Tenn., May 14, 1863
Remarks: Sent to Baltimore, May 25, 1863.
-Louisville, Ky., Register No.1; page 232-

Sent May 25, from Louisville, Ky., to Baltimore, Md., en route to be exchanged.

paroled at Fort McHenry, Md., May 29, 1863
-Roll bears the following endorsement:
"Received City Point, Va., May 31, 1863, from Jno. E. Mulford, Capt., 3d Infty. N. Y. V., Comdg. Flag of Truce, One Hundred & thirty six (136) Confederate prisoners of War paroled for exchange of 1 Surgeon - J.B. Thompson, Capt. Comd., Post City Point.

_Roll of Company C, Sixth Regiment Cavalry3
This roll lists sixty members. There are twelve Colyers and three Earps from Pulaski County, Ky. Number 24 on the roll is C. J. Colyer (Charles Granade Colyer). He was listed this way on several rolls.
"Roll dated Beech Grove, Tenn.1 Feb. 28, 1863. This company was organized in Pulaski County, Ky.; was engaged in constant picketing and scouting in Pulaski and Rockcastle Counties; went into camp at Beaufort, near Danville, Ky. Company participated in action at Murfreesboro, Tenn. Dec. 31, 1862. Note--The "Old Roster" 6th Kentucky Cavalry calls this Company "C" and rolls on file are marked Company "A". This company was mustered into service as Company "C" of 6th KY. Cavalry and was always recognized and known as such in regimental organization. In the first days of March 1863, General Buford was assigned to the Mississippi Dept. and the 6th Regiment Ky. Cavalry and the 5th Reg. Ky. Cavalry were then transferred to the command of Brigadier General John H. Morgan, with which it continued in service until nearly the whole regiment was captured during the last days of Morgan's Ohio raid."

Sam Colyer, further stated, that CHARLES GRANADE COLYER was in the battle of Chickamauga near Chattanooga, Tenn. He was in the Confederate Cavalry and every fourth man was to be a horse holder during the battle. Both C. G. COLYER and Morgan Colyer were fourth when they were numbered and were assigned to hold horses during the battle. C. G. COLYER placed his horses between him and the battle and Morgan, his brother, laid down face toward the battle. As the bullets and shells came around them, Morgan said "Oh Lord, Oh Lord".
C.G. said "are you hit?". Morgan said "No, just scared."
At Chickamauga the cavalry was told to hold the Union Army while the Confederate Army retreated across the river. They held long enough for the army to cross and then the General said, "every man for himself." Charles G. was going along the river when two Union soldiers saw him and chased him. They apparently were out of ammunition or their guns weren't loaded since they didn't fire. After a couple of miles Charles G. got to a large tree across the trail and decided to try to have his horse jump the tree. The horse jumped it, but the Union soldiers didn't jump it and Charles G. got away and was able to cross the river. Chickamauga in northwestern Georgia, where Union and Confederate armies fought for two bloody days, Sept. 19 and 20, 1863. The Confederates won, but both sides paid a huge price. Chickamauga caused more casualties than any other Civil War battle except Gettysburg.

He had enlisted for a specific time and after the time expired and near the end of the was and it was known the cause was lost, he went to headquarters and was given an honorable discharge.
CHARLES GRANADE COLYER could not return home since there were so many Yankee supporters who would shoot returning "Rebs". He stayed in Nashville about two years and ran a hotel. A neighbor named Gilmore, harassed his wife, mother and his small son, because C. G. had been in the Confederate Army. Gilmore killed their chickens and the pets and told them that C. G. had been killed. LOUISA JANE, his wife, told hem she did not believe it. Finally Charles G. returned home and vowed to kill Gilmore. C. G. was splitting wood when he first saw Gilmore coming across the field. He ran for his gun and Gilmore saw him and was gone when he returned. It was some time before Gilmore returned to the neighborhood and the feeling had subsided by then. Gilmores family had been in the Union forces.
CHARLES GRANADE COLYER had evening prayers and the entire family would come in and kneel for prayers.

CHARLES GRANADE and his wife LOUISA JANE had eleven children. All taught school at some time after they grew up. He was a school trustee.
The 1870 and 1880 Pulaski County Census show CHARLES G. COLYER listed as a farmer, born in Kentucky and his parents born in Tennessee, and LOUISA JANE COLYER as his wife, born in Kentucky and her parents both born in Kentucky.
CHARLES G. COLYER died at his home on Pitman Creek April 11, 1910 and his wife LOUISA JANE COLYER died January 13, 1931, in Pulaski County, Kentucky. She had received a Confederate Widows pension for his service. Scare Moser and Ray Colyer, both grandchildren, recall LOUISA JANE, as a small lady, about 5'1 tall, slender, with coal black hair throughout her life.

Obituary of CHARLES GRANAID COLYER, printed in the
Somerset, Kentucky newspaper in April, 1910

CHARLES GRANAID COLYER, who resided about three miles south-east of town, died last Monday, after several months of feeble health due to age and a general wearing out of the vital organs.
His father was JOHN COLYER, who lived and reared a large family of 19 sons and daughters, and died on the old homestead now known as the Warren farm at the bridge of Pitman creek and the Sublimity road, about six and one half miles from this town, and his mother was LYDIA Purvis, who was the old gentlemen's second wife and the mother of fourteen of his children and his first wife was a Miss Sinclair, who was the mother of five of the older children.
I first became intimately acquainted with the family of JOHN COLYER Sr. in 1856, when my father removed to the farm adjoining theirs on the opposite side of Pitman creek, now the Allen farm, and from the first moment was convinced that there never was a more gallant, neighborly or hospitable family in the world. To the young man's mind their home was a model place to get good treatment and have a joyous Happy time. It was better than a circus to be with those old big boys at the corn huskings or hoeing; threshings or stacking; the log cutting or rollings, and to have to do hard and heavy work, when four or five of them were on hand and helping at the labor, it was the best kind of entertainment, and we want to tell you that no laddie was ever imposed upon in that good company, for they stood over those in need of a defender on every occasion.

I knew nearly all of the family well but ten of the younger ones were best known to me and GRANAID was one of them. All of the Colyers differed from me in religious name and also in political as well, but they were always my friends, even in old war times when we were in battle array for the right, each as we saw it and in our personal associations none of us ever dared to attempt to muzzle the other or make one too dumb to speak his honest sentiment.
GRANAID COLYER was the last one of that large family to pass from the earth to the Great Beyond and my faith in God's promises and my knowledge of his manner of life leads me to say to his good wife and other loved ones that it is all well with him for he surely has the righteous man's reward.
His brother, J. Perry Colyer, died only a few months ago. The first set of children of John Colyer's were Buford, John, Alex, William and Mrs. Dickie Smith.

His full brothers and sisters were Lindsey, Cy, Jehu, Sinclair, Martin, Wesley, Perry, GRANAID, Samuel, Nathaniel, and Mrs. Harriet Black, Mrs. Menerva Richardson, Mrs. Lizzie Eastman, and one other.
Their old father died over half a century ago and their mother over a third of a century, and this writer made obituary notices of most of them as they passed away a sad duty that we have performed faithfully.
To his last afflicted wife and her noble children, we extend sincerest condolences, as their long-time friend.

1 Confederate Pension Records, #1585 to 1652; Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort, Kentucky.

2 Confederate Records, The National Archives, Washington,D.C.
Kentucky Adjutant General's Report, Confederate States Army, Sixth Regiment Cavalry.

Interview with Ellen Colyer:

The Colyer family lived on a farm on Pitman Creek about four miles east of Somerset. She told of she and all of her sisters knitting all of their stockings when they were young. Near their home was a spring in a rock outcropping that formed a small depression or cave that was cool and not only furnished water but also was used to store and keep food cool. The house was constructed of heavy logs and it was still standing, but unoccupied in 1967. Their home had a front room and behind this room was a dining room and then a living room with a large fireplace. Beside the front room was a bedroom and upstairs over the front room was another bedroom. The kitchen was in a separate structure next to the dining room. The kitchen and the house were seperated by a space about five feet wide often called a "dog trot" in that area. This space between the house and the kitchen was common in early farm houses as it would help keep the house cool in the summer and could be helpful in case of fire. There was a barn that was behind the house.
Ellen went to Lawrenceberg College near Corbin, Kentucky and taught school for several years before she was married and she boarded with the grandparents of John Sherman Cooper, who was later the United States Senator form Kentucky. She taught grades 1-5 for a year after she was married. She taught in the school district where C. W. SEARS lived. All of her adult brothers and sisters taught school at one time and several made their career in education.
BERT and ELLEN had three children: OLLIE B. born August 11. 1904 in Pulaski County, Kentucky, Raymond born July 12 in Pulaski County and died March 9, 1908 and is buried at Souls Chapel Cemetery east of Somerset in Pulaski County. and Naomi Elizabeth, born February 14, 1915 in Ft. Worth.
Tarrent County. Texas.
ELLEN CQLYER SEARS' sister Luvenia and her husband Hansford Wilder moved to Fort Worth, Texas and opened a grocery store. In early 1906 they sent for ELLEN' S brother Sam Colyer to come to Fort Worth to work with them at the grocery store. The Wilder's sold the store to Sam Colyer and moved to California. A week after their son Raymond died in Kentucky BERT and ELLEN SEARS and their daughter OLLIE moved to Texas and BERT SEARS worked in the store for Sam Colyer. After a year or two BERT SEARS bought a half interest in the store.
In 1915 Sam Colyer's mother Louisa Jane Colyer wanted him to return to Kentucky. Sam Colyer sold the store to BERT SEARS and moved back to Kentucky. When the C. W. SEARS family first moved to Fort Worth, Texas they lived in a house in the 2000 block of Clinton Street, then they moved to 2122 N Houston Street, and then to 318 N. W. 22nd Street. This last house was originally one story and later had a second story added to it. This house was on the same lot as the store and also had a three car garage next to the alley. BERT and ELLEN Sears lived in this home for the rest of their life. The store located on the corner of 22nd and Clinton Streets was first of frame construction and was later replaced with a red brick store. Mr. SEARS was in the grocery business 33 years. He_was a strong family man, attended church regularly throughout his life, he was treasurer of his church, and the Sears'family often has ministers stay at their home while they were in Fort Worth. He enjoyed hunting squirrel with his single shot 410 shotgun and he was known for the excellent barbecue that he made daily at his grocery store. Around his home he had many varieties of plants and flowers that he enjoyed. There were pecan trees, pear trees, a peach tree, a fig tree, canna plants beside the store, and flowering shrubs and plants decorated the property.
ELLEN SEARS was also very active in their church. Attending regularly Sunday school. Sunday worship services, Sunday evening services. and Wednesday evening prayer services. She was in the church choir and made the communion bread that was used in communion services at their church for years.
MRS. SEARs was an excellent cook and made homemade bread, biscuits, fruitcakes, pies, and preserved or canned many things such as chow-chow, relish, pickled peaches, and jellies.
Their home was warm and friendly and a gathering place for their children, grand children and friends. They were good parents, neighbors and friends to have. C. W. SEARS died October 12, 1945 in Fort Worth, Texas. ELLEN SEARS died at her home July 23, 1957 and is buried next to her husband at Garden of Memories Cemetery, Fort Worth, Texas

The following items are taken from The Somerset Journal of
October, 1902: Representatives from Crescent Lodge No. 60, Knights of Pythias, at
the Grand Lodge in session in Louisville this week are J.F. Hines, C.H.
Lewis, C.G. Colyer, and Jno. S. Tate. Mrs. Colyer and Mrs. Tate accompanied
the delegates.

Members of 6th Kentucky Confederate Calvary
6th Kentucky Confederate Calvary from http://www.rootsweb.com/~kymil/cw/conf/sixth_kentucky_cavalry.html

M.B. Perkins C Captain Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
J. Wesley Collier C 1st Lieutenant Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Later moved after war to Perry Georgia
Virgil P. Moore C 2nd Lieutenant Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Supposed to be prisoner
John S. May C 2nd Lieutenant Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Supposed to be prisoner
Alfred L. Alcorn C 2nd Lieutenant Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Killed while being transferred from Johnson's Island to Fort Delaware; prisoner of war.
S. J. Brown C 2nd Lieutenant Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Wounded in Lebanon, Ky. July 5, 1863
Alfred L. Alcorn C 1st Sgt. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Promoted to 2nd. Lt.
Stephen J. Brown C 2nd Sgt. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Promoted to 2nd. Lt.
Joseph Lane C 3rd Sgt. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Samuel Gover C 4th Sqt. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Lafayette Moore C 1st Corp. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 17, 1862
Milford Lee C 2nd Corp. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Robert Phelps C 3rd Corp. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Daniel Colyer C 4th Corp. Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Hardin Alexander C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
John Brown C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 16, 1862
Jonas Brown C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Benjamin Brown C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 15, 1862
James Birch C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
William H. Ballew C Private Oct. 2, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 15, 1862
William Ballew C Private Oct. 2, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Iradell Bray C Private Oct. 2, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Milford Bralton C Private Oct. 2, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
William Burton C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 14, 1862 d. 1928 bur. Pleasant Point, Lincoln Co., KY
Willis Colyer C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Charles W. Colyer C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
James G. Colyer C Private Sept. 17, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Richard Colyer C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
George Callahan C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
William C. Curd C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
William Colyer C Private Oct. 8, 1862 Somerset, Ky. buried Colyer cemetery highway 769 (Rush Branch Rd)
Logan Colyer C Private Nov. 1, 1862 Knoxville, Tn.
James P. Colyer C Private Jan. 24, 1863 Beech Grove, Tn.

C.J. Colyer C Private Jan. 24, 1863 Beech Grove, Tn. (This is Grenade Colyer)

Lewis P. Cowan C Private Oct. 14, 1862 Lancaster, Tn. By transfer from Capt. Shanks' Co. in Jan, 1863
Martin T. Colyer C Private Dec. 1, 1862 Mufreesboro, Tn. By transfer from Capt. Shanks' Co. in Jan, 1863
Samuel B. Colyer C Private Jan. 4, 1862 Monticello, Ky. By transfer from Capt. B.E. Roberts' Co. in Jan, 1863
Thomas Dans C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Elijah Denny C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Doctor Denny C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Elijah Dikes C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Deserted Dec. 20, 1862
S. Wesley Earp C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
W. Madison Earp C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
John Eastham C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
James Eastham C Private Oct. 23, 1862 New Market, Tn.
Perry Elliott C Private Sept. 6, 1862 Danville, Ky. By transfer from Capt. Lemmon's Co., Jan. 7, 1863
E.T. Elliott C Private Feb. 1, 1863 Beech Grove, Tn.
Walter J. Fields C Private Transferred to Capt. Shanks' Co., Sept. 1, 1862
Chrisley Gastinew, Sr. C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Chrisley Gastinew, Jr. C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Martin Gregg C Private Oct. 8, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
James Gilmore C Private Oct. 8, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Washington Herrin C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Edward Herrin C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Levi Hubble C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. last name spelled Hubbel on Ags report, by transfer from Capt. Shanks' Co., Nov., 17 1862
Joseph A. Hardwick C Private Transferred to Capt. B.E. Roberts' Co., January 1863
Thomas Hargis C Private Died Feb. 10, 1863
Thomas Jasper C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Martin Keeney C Private Nov. 6, 1862 New Market, Tn.
James Luytrell, Sr. C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
James Luytrell, Jr. C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Wesley Long C Private Deserted Dec. 20, 1862
Archibald Marshall C Private Oct. 8, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
James Moonyham C Private Somerset, Ky.
Jacob Miller C Private Somerset, Ky.
Moses Murphy C Private Beech Grove, Tn.
William Murphy C Private Lancaster, Ky. By transfer from Capt. Shanks' Co. in Jan, 1863
Simeon E. Owens C Private Somerset, Ky. Died Feb. 3, 1863
George Pence C Private Somerset, Ky.
T.K. Phelps C Private Somerset, Ky.
Henry Powell C Private Beech Grove, Tn.
Jesse L. Reynolds C Private Somerset, Ky.
Moses Reynolds C Private Somerset, Ky.
Robert W. Reynolds C Private Somerset, Ky. Buried in Liberty Baptist Church Cem., Pulaski Co., Ky. Was last surviving Confederate soldier in Lincoln Co., Ky.
Alexander Randall C Private
Josiah Smith C Private Somerset, Ky.
James C. Smith C Private Somerset, Ky.
Willis J. Stogsdell C Private Sept., 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Quarles Simpson C Private Oct. 11, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct.14, 1862
John J. Smiley C Private Oct.8, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Cornelius Simpson C Private Nov. 16, 1862 Sweet Water, Tn.
William Thompson, Sr. C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct.14, 1862
William Thompson, Jr. C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct.16, 1862
James R. Turner C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Joseph C. Vanhook C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
Andrew Vanhook C Private Died Feb. 13, 1863
George Wheeldon C Private Sept. 13, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 21, 1862
Robert Warren C Private Sept. 12, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 14, 1862
William Woodcock C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
G.A. Warren C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 16, 1862
John W. Williams C Private Oct. 2, 1862 Somerset, Ky. Missing Oct. 16, 1862
David Warren C Private Sept. 15, 1862 Somerset, Ky.
W.W. Cleaver D Captain June

Kentucky State County Court Order Land Patents

17.) Patent #: 55807 Grantee: Collier, C. G.
Grant Book & Pg: 101 314 Acreage: 20
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Pitman Cr.
Survey Name: Lewis, James B. Survey Date: 10/21/1881
Grant Date: 04/25/1882

18.) Patent #: 55808 Grantee: Collier, C. G.
Grant Book & Pg: 101 315 Acreage: 60
County: Pulaski WaterCourse: Pitman Cr.
Survey Name: Collier, C. G. Survey Date: 10/21/1881
Grant Date: 04/25/1882  
Charles Granade Colyer
194 Somerset Commonwealth Journal 12/2/1931

Mr. Charles Colyer brought to this office Saturday a tin candle mold used by his grandmother, Mrs. Sallie Waddle, a native of this county.
The mold has four holes and containers. Mr. Colyer says the mold is 125 years old. 
Charles Granade Colyer
195 Carpenter, School Teacher per Jean Colyer Grumbling and John Parsons research Charles Richard Colyer
196 email dated 6/12/2004
That was Quick!!

I hope you can understand this, sometimes I have trouble reading other
people's cause they're not plain.

There's a recap at the bottom .

My father was Kenneth George COLYER (Dads brother Denny Arthur, Sister Mamia

My brothers are Kenneth Lee in Osgood, In and Donald Ray in Paragon, In.
North west of Indy.

Kenneth G.'s father was Arthur Wesley COLYER b.1-14-1891 Pulaski Co.Ky. d.
12-1965 Council, Va. (Some have him as William, this is wrong.
Sometime after his Marriage 3-5-1910 to LuVada Goff b.1895 he started going
by only Wes.
Ole Man Wes married Cora Nell Burton (after LuVada died 1921 in Cincinnati,
Oh buried in Elihu, Ky. Cabin Hollow-Northfield Rd.)
Ole Man Wes and Cora Nell had Wesley Arthur Jr. b. 8-26-1926 died 7-24-1944
on the US Colorado off Saipan, his Head stone is in Nancy, Ky. Wes Jr.
sisters are Rosie and Helen Ruth. Ole man Wes worked on the railroad and
came home one day and found Cora Nell in bed with a man then there was Helen
Ruth. Cora Nell's sister Callie (Callaway) married Ably Thomas (Abe) one of
Ole Man Wes's brothers Callie also was stepping out on Abe. Ab had Virgil
(Pee Wee) Ozzie (Female) and Othen he lives in Shepardsville,Ky in his 90's.

Richard this was going to be short, Sorry.

Ole man Wes's brothers are Martin Ernest or Ernest Martin my Aunt Mamie G.
calls him Martin his family call's him Ernie. Martin E. b.2-3-1895 d. 7-1967
in Dayton, Ky. Married Lucy Thacker Child was John Elmer (Emil per John
himself, he lives in Ubank, Ky. I have resent 2003 Photos of him) He said he
has 19 children, He said he would have name them all John if he could have.
Charles F. 4-17-1898 and Ably Thomas COLYER, sisters of Ole man Wes are
Ethyl Mae b.2-26-1888 d.7-7-1969 (Ethie as I knew her and husband Francis
Jones) Ethie lived with her Dauthger Mary Ellen Jones Wendlegast in
Louisville, Ky when she died. Mary Ellen b.1909 died 4-9-2002. Sons Kenneth
and Thomas Wendlegast.
Ole man Wes other sisters Nellie Elizabeth Colyer Hennon b.8-12-1907 d.
10-24-1992 Jacksonville, Fla. Daughters LaVerne H. Hennon Patrick. Sister
Ellen (Bab),Lilly, Lennie C . b.4-1893 married a Mr. Silvers son Leo
Silvers, Addie B.b. 11-1899, LaVady COLYER married Lonnie Huhges.

Ole Man Wes's father (my Great Great Grandfather) was Martin Thomas COLYER
b.7-16-1866 Pulaski Co. d. 6-4-1923 form Nephritis buried in Haynes Cem.
(Cabin Hollow Rd??) married Sarah Emma Haynes.

Martin Thomas COLYER 1866 (99% sure) farther was Charles Richard COLYER b.
2-2-1836 in Ruth d. 4-18-1903 Pulaski Co. a School teacher married to
Suzannah Richardson.b.1844 d. 5-24-1916. Charles Richard 1836 Children were
Martin Thomas 1866., Nancy Ann, Martha Ellen, James Harding 1876, Louisa C.,
Robbert Lee, Sarah Elizabeth, John W. 9-13-1859.
Charles Richard COLYER's 1836 Father was James Alexander COLYER b.2-26-1810
d. 1888 married to Lydia Sears b.5-26-1812 d.1889 James Alexander 1810
children were Charles Richard 1836, Nancy 7-25-1838, Mary (Polly) Ann
12-30-1845, Sarah Jane 1-15-1841, Lindsay Randall 1844, Louisa J. or M.
8-21-1842, Hariett B., Hamil R, John D., 12-20-1851.

James Alexander COLYER's 1810 Father was John Wesley COLYER b. 8-20-1781 d.
8-18-1851 buried Soul Chapal Pulaski Co. Married Lydia Purvis Children of
John Wesley 1781 were : James Alexander 1810, James or John Perry 1828,
Harriet, St. Clair, Elizabeth, Lindsey Robert Sr. 1821, Menerva, Martin
8-19-1830, John Wesley ? 1834, Charles Grenade 1832, Cyrenus Wait, Jehu

Recap Wesley Martin 1946, Kenneth George 1916, Wesley Arthur 1891, Martin
Thomas 1866, Charles Richard 1836, James Alexander 1810, John Wesley 1781.

Which John is that there is so many??

> Wesley, 
Charles Richard Colyer
197 Pulaski County Kentucky cemetery records, Vol 1, 197 He
appeared in the census in 1870 in Pulaski County, Kentucky. He appeared in
the census in 1880 in Pulaski County, Kentucky. He died on 18 Apr 1903 in
Pulaski County, Kentucky. , Source: Pulaski County Cemetery Records,
Volume 1, 198.
Tombstone shows date of death as 18 April, 1910 He was buried about 20 Apr
1903 in Clay Hill Cemetery, Pulaski County, Kentucky. Charles Richard
COLYER and Jemima RANDALL were married on 22 Dec 1858 in Pulaski County,
Kentucky. , , Surety: Charles R. Colyer, C. G. Colyer. Witnesses: Bennet
Sears, Jesse O. Wells, Minister: Peter W. Sears, Methodist Episcopal Church,
Charles Richard Colyer
198 Somerset Commonwealth Journal 12/2/1031

Mr. Charles Colyer brought to this office Saturday a tin candle mold used by his grandmother, Mrs. Sallie Waddle, a native of this county.
The mold has four holes and containers. Mr. Colyer says the mold is 125 years old. 
Charles Waddle Colyer
199 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cindy Colyer, (Battson)
200 Cliva Minton
Friday, December 5, 2008 3:48 am

Cliva Marie Minton, 85, passed from this life on Wednesday, Dec. 3, 2008, at Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital following a short illness.

She will be remembered for the love, kindness, and laughter she shared with so many.

She was born on Dec. 12, 1922, in the Juggernaut community of Pulaski County, the daughter of the late Perry Lee and Bessie (Howard) Colyer. She was a retired cafeteria supervisor for Ferguson and Southern Elementary Schools, a homemaker and member of Cumberland Baptist Church. She enjoyed the outdoors, gardening and visiting with family and friends.

Along with her parents, Mrs. Minton was preceded in death by her husband, Dan Minton; three brothers, James Colyer, Noble Colyer and Raymond Colyer; a son-in-law; Garry Dalton; and daughter-in-law; Gale Minton.

Mrs. Minton is survived by five children; Donald and Karen Minton, Dianna Dalton, Darwin Minton, Dana and Pam Minton, Tom and Nancy Minton; 12 grandchildren, Kevin and Robin Dalton, Darla and Rob Crabtree, Denise and Anderson Kennedy, Rachel Minton, Brian Minton, Jessica Minton, Samuel Minton, Josh Minton, Rebecca Minton, Alex Nazario and Courtney Minton and Riley Minton; five great grandchildren, TJ and Shelby Smith, Isaac Martin and Dustin and Luke Lanigan; along with many nieces, nephews and dear friends.

Visitation will be held for Mrs. Minton Friday, Dec. 5, 2008, after 5 p.m. at the Pulaski Funeral Home, 165 Hwy. 2227 Somerset, Ky.

A funeral service will be held on Saturday, Dec. 6, 2008, at 1 p.m. at the chapel of Pulaski Funeral Home with Bro. Dudley Bryant and Bro. Wayne Watts officiating.

Burial will follow at Wesley?s Chapel Cemetery. 
Cliva Marie Colyer

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